Wednesday, January 20, 2010

“My Dream is to Become a Future Diplomat”

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Pem Penh, 21, one of The University of Cambodia’s “Samdech Hun Sen-Handa National Scholarships 2007” students, spoke with The Southeast Asia Weekly on January 7, 2010, describing his hard learning to get a scholarship. Penh was born in 1989 in Kirivong district, Takeo province. He is the oldest of two sons in his family. Penh’s parents are farmers and living in Kirivong district, Takeo province.

Penh is now studying International Relations (IR) at The University of Cambodia (UC) and is also studying Economics at the National University of Management in Phnom Penh. Penh studied at the Sok An Sobin High School in Kirivong district, Takeo province and earned a Baccalaureate in 2007. He applied to study International Relations at UC following the introduction of the “Samdech Hun Sen-Handa National Scholarships” in 2007.

“I was happy that I passed the scholarship exams from The University of Cambodia and I have a chance to study IR at UC, which is an outstanding university in Cambodia,” he said. “I think that if I did not get the UC’s scholarship I probably cannot study with UC because my family is poor and I have no money to pay for UC’s fee.”

He pointed out that he decided to study IR with The University of Cambodia because he wanted to become a future diplomat, working with the Cambodian government.

“My dream is to become a diplomat working with the Royal Government of Cambodia or working with the UN’s agencies in Cambodia in the future. I wanted to become a diplomat because I think that with this major I can work to promote good relationships with other countries in the world and also to bring financial support and donations for my country,” he said.

He stated that since he has studied IR with UC in 2007 so far, his knowledge and understanding about IR has improved. He can also understand the basic knowledge of laws, both local and international, which have been implemented in Cambodia.

“I noted that since I studied IR with UC, I understood many issues relating to the laws, constitutions and human rights, which have been practiced in Cambodia,” he said. “I hope that my IR skills will be improved after my graduation from UC in the future.”

Pem Penh said that besides studying International Relations with The University of Cambodia, he now is also studying Economics at the National University of Management in Phnom Penh. He said he decided to study Economics because he wanted to know clearly about the new economic program and new economic technology information in addition to his IR major in the future.

Penh continued that to reach his goals, he now studies very hard, does homework and reads many books related to his studies every day. He added that when he graduates from UC, he will apply for Master’s degree study with The University of Cambodia in the future.

Din Vandara, 20, a UC scholarship student and also a friend of Pem Penh, appreciates Penh’s hard work. He said that he has known Pem Penh since 2007 when he was studying English with him at the UC in Phnom Penh. He added that Penh’s family is poor but he is a hard learner, gentle, helpful, and honest student in his class. ///

Konrad Adenauer Foundation Launches Book Distribution

The book on “Tasks of Spokespersons, Media Officers, and Communication Officers,” which was written by Cambodian veteran journalist Chhay Sophal with the financial support from Konrad Adenauer Foundation, was launched on January 5 and distributed freely to journalists groups and relevant officials of all royal government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and private companies in the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The launching and free distribution of the book entitled was organized by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Club of Cambodian Journalists.

Khieu Kanharith, Minister of Information and spokesman to the Royal Government of Cambodia, said that the book is the first book written by a Khmer journalist in 2010.

The Minister continued to say that the book is very important because it has clearly introduced the important roles of spokespersons, media officers, and communication officers in carrying out their daily duties and working with relevant government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and private companies.

“I am proud of Mr. Chhay Sophal who is the Cambodian writer of this book and also a veteran journalist in Cambodia,” he said during opening remarks at the launching. “I think his book is very important and useful for those officials who are now working as spokesmen, media officers, and communication officers with government ministries as well as non-governmental organizations or private companies in Cambodia.”

The Minister emphasized that currently most of Cambodia’s media officers or communication officers have not performed their duties well because they were not trained about the necessary skills.

“Thus, I hope that Chhay Sophal’s book will become a resource or guideline book for them to read in order to improve their communication skills and perform their duties well in the future,” he claimed.

To promote the capacity building of the government ministries spokesman and media officers, the Ministry of Information in collaboration with the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, the Club of Cambodian Journalists, American Embassy to the Kingdom of Cambodia, and other related non-governmental organizations, will conduct trainings on job skills for them in the future, he said.

Chhay Sophal, author of the book and publisher of a Khmer language newspaper “Cambodia News,” said that it is the first time he has written this book and is distributing it freely to those who are working as media and communication officers in Cambodia.

Sophal said that the book was printed in mid-December 2009 with financial support from Konrad Adenauer Foundation, aiming to improve the capacity building of the spokesmen, media officers, and communication officers working in Cambodia.

The main purpose of the book is to contribute to the development and promotion of Cambodian government’s human resources in capacity building, especially in media and communication sections, he said, adding that one thousand copies of the first-ever book on the issue in Khmer language are distributed free of charge to relevant officials of all the royal government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and private companies. Journalist and media and communication students of the Royal Phnom Penh University are also the target group. ///

USA Considers Cambodia’s Debts for Development Aid

By BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The United States of America’s Congressman Eni Faleomavaega has told Samdech Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia that he will discuss with his congressmen about turning Cambodia's debt into social assistance for development projects in Cambodia in the future.

Eni Faleomavaega and his two colleagues Congressmen Joseph Cao and Mike Honda raised this issue while paying a courtesy call on Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen in Phnom Penh on January 7. His Excellency Hor Namhong, Deputy Prime Minister and Minster of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, His Excellency Keat Chhon, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance, and Cham Prasidh, Senior Minister and Minister of Commerce also presented at the meeting.

Eang Sophallet, Personal Assistant to Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen, told reporters after the meeting that Mr. Eni Faleomavaega and the two U.S. congressmen have discussed the extension of trade relations between the two countries and also raising the possibility of Cambodia’s debt reduction.

“During the meeting, Congressman Eni Faleomavaega told Prime Minister Hun Sen that he will discuss the debt with his colleagues after returning to the United States,” he said. “It is better if the United States can turn Cambodia’s debt into assistance for development projects in Cambodia in the future.”

Relating to the talk on the possibility of Cambodia’s debt reduction, Eang Sophallet said that Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen appreciated Eni Faleomavaega’s raising of debt reduction and the Prime Minister hopes that the United States will consider the Cambodian request for debt reduction from the USA.

Faleomavaega added that Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen has praised the good relation and cooperation between the countries. He said that he was honored and pleased to meet with Cambodian Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen and to talk about trade and tariffs in trying to bring Cambodia’s better status especially in trade with the United States in Cambodia.

“We did touch on the issue of debt obligations, also on questions of trade and tariffs in trying to bring Cambodia’s trade and economic needs and better status especially in trade with the United States,” he told reporters before leaving at the Phnom Penh International Airport on January 7.

Cheam Yeap, Chairman of Economy, Finance, Banking and Audit Commission in the National Assembly of Cambodia, said that today, Cambodia owes several countries including China, Russia and the United States from many decades ago.

Cambodia has asked the American government several times to consider canceling its debt amounting about US$ 300 million borrowed since 1972, he said.

Chairman Cheam Yeap emphasized that so far, the United States has not yet answered to the Royal Government of Cambodia's request for the debt write-off. He added that the Royal Government of Cambodia is also asking the Russian Federation to cancel its debt that amounts around to 1.5 billion U.S. dollars. ///




Cambodia Marks 31st Anniversary of Victory Day Over Genocide


BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Over 10,000 Cambodian government officials, teachers and student gathered in Phnom Penh on January 7 to mark the 31st Anniversary Celebration of Victory Day over Genocide and to remember those who were killed and died of starvation in the Khmer Rouge’s terror regime.

The 31st Anniversary of Victory Day was organized by the Royal Government of Cambodia, and under the presidency of Samdech Chea Sim, President of the Senate, Samdech Heng Samrin, President of the National Assembly, and Samdech Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The Senate President Samdech Chea Sim said that the gathering aimed to remember over two million Cambodian people’s souls and those who were killed and died of starvation during the former Khmer Rouge leaders in their rule of Cambodia from 1975 to 1979.

“The 7th January Victory Day is an historical day that all Cambodian people from everywhere come to gather and meet to mark the day that liberated their lives from genocide and it also is their second birth in their lives,” he said during opening remarks at the 31st Anniversary of the Victory Day over Genocide in Phnom Penh.

The Senate President Samdech Chea Sim continued to say that during the past 31 years, under the wisdom and clear leadership of the Royal Government of Cambodia led by the ruling Cambodian People’s Party, Cambodia has been at peace, political stability, progress and development all sectors. This is because Cambodia has been working on reconstructing and developing its country.

“We expressed the emotion to support and congratulate the Royal Government of Cambodia presided under the genius leader of Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen, and the experienced leader who managed and built, as well as defended the motherland and development on all sectors,” he said. “We all appreciate the successes and cannot forget the sacrifices of our beloved countrymen who persisted against all inhumanities of the genocide regime.”

The President added that this actual history appeared that in the period of 31 years, initiating from the successes of 7th January 1979, Cambodian people made great artwork to defend and build its own Cambodian nation.

“We have fought against the return of a genocide regime we have finished the prolonged war and made the nation agree totally and become a peaceful country,” he said. “The rights and freedom, and democracy, as well as legal state have developed widely, and honor and the national prestige were also re-built. It’s the greatest success of all people who united to establish. All people understood that if there was no 7th of January, we would not have everything as today. No one could not forget it.”
The President stated that the positive progress in the present day is reflecting on the spiritual efforts of Cambodian people such as all ministries, authorities, government officials, armed forces and all societies and other development partners.

He added that for 31 past years, the CPP and Cambodian people have lived together in stability. The spirit of 7th January was endorsed with Cambodia’s conscience and turned out to be a broad force in creation of the national society.

Relating to the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) or Khmer Rouge Leaders’ trial, Samdech Heng Samrin said that the Cambodian People’s Party as well as the Royal Government strongly supported the ECCC trail in finding the justice for those who had been killed in the Khmer Rouge’s regime. However, he warned that the government will take action against those who intended to use the Khmer Rouge’s trials to affect on the national reconciliation and peace in Cambodia.

Relating to the future Cambodian People’s Party’s Prime Minister Candidate, the President Samdech Chea Sim stated that the party will continue to support and appoint Samdech Techo Hun Sen as its Prime Minister candidate for national elections in the future.

He also call on all Cambodian political parties to recognize and respect the 7th January Day because there was no 7th January, they would not have everything as today.

According to a report of the Cambodian People’s Party, over two million Cambodian people had been killed by executions, starvations and illness during the Khmer Rouge regime from 1975 to 1979.

“It is not a Dream” Humanity Program Launched

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The “It is not a Dream” Humanity Program was launched on January 13 in Phnom Penh to provide free services for Cambodian people to find their relatives lost during the wars. The launching ceremony of the program was organized by Metfone Company and Bayon Radio and Television.

Khieu Kanharith, Minister of Information, presided over the launching ceremony and praised the “It is not a Dream” program organized by Metfone and Bayon Radio and TV. He said this program is good because it will help Cambodian people as well as contribute to the development of communications and new technologies and the development of Cambodia.

“I welcome and appreciate this initiative. I think that this program is very important to serve our Cambodian people both inside and outside of the country in order to find their relatives lost during the wars from 1970 to 1990s in Cambodia,” he said during opening remarks. “I hope that through this program, Cambodians will have a chance to find their relatives lost in Cambodia in the future.”

Nguyen Duy Tho, Director of the Metfone Company, said that it is the first time Metfone and Bayon Radio and TV have designed and established the “It is not a Dream” program in Cambodia. He added that the main purpose of the program is to provide free services for Cambodian people to find their relatives lost during the wars, after the wars or in the present time in Cambodia.

“There is no program of this matter yet in Cambodia. I think that this program will help Cambodians find their friends or relatives who have been lost during the wars and until present day,” he told reporters at a press conference after the meeting.

Relating to the “It is not a Dream” program, Tho said that Metfone now has 24 branches in 24 provinces with 6,000 staff members working throughout Cambodia. To carry out this program, Metfone’s research teams will be working on calling or receiving phone calls from local people every where inside and outside Cambodia.

He added that after receiving the information about Cambodian relatives lost, Metfone will cooperate with Bayon Radio and TV for broadcasting the information to all of Cambodia. ///

Cambodia to Host the 16th Southeast Asia Junior Table Tennis Championship 2010

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

About ten countries that are members of the Southeast Asia Table Tennis Association (SEATTA) will attend the 16th Southeast Asian Junior Table Tennis Championship which will take place from June 3-8, 2010, at the National Olympic Stadium in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

The 16th Southeast Asian Junior Table Tennis Championship 2010 will be prepared and organized by the Cambodian Table Tennis Federation (CTTF), and supported by the Ministry of Education Youth and Sport (MoEYS).

Rat Sokhorn, President of the Cambodian Table Tennis Federation (CTTF) and Cambodian Vovinam Federation (CVF), said that it marked the first time CTTF will organize the international table tennis championship in Cambodia.

President Sokhorn said that the main objective of the international competition is to select the best table tennis player for the 16th Southeast Asia Junior Table Tennis Championship 2010, as well as to promote table tennis playing and exchanging playing experiences in Asia.

“CTTF is happy and honored to organize the 16th Southeast Asia Junior Table Tennis Championship 2010 in Cambodia,” he said. “We hope that through this international competition we will be able to learn and promote table tennis playing in Cambodia in the future,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly during an interviewed on January 13.

Sun Sothearith, General Secretary of CTTF, said that there are about ten countries from Asia that will participate in the16th Southeast Asia Junior Table Tennis Championship 2010 in Phnom Penh. He added that in 2009, the 15th Southeast Asia Junior Table Tennis Championship took place over five days from the 18th to the 22nd of June 2009 in Bangkok, Thailand. The competition was organized by the Southeast Asian Table Tennis Association (SEATTA).

Relating to the 16th Southeast Asia Junior Table Tennis Tournament 2010, Sothearith said that to prepare for this international competition, CTTF is now working hard to prepare and train the Cambodian junior table tennis players for the upcoming competition.

He continued to say that CTTF will also send a total of five experienced table tennis players for the short training in Vietnam in order to prepare for the competition.

CTTF also plans to organize a Cambodian junior table tennis competition in April in Phnom Penh in order to select the best players for competitions, as well as to improve their techniques and playing experience before the international competition takes place on June 3, 2010.

“I hope that through our Cambodian table tennis players’ hard work and training, they will be able to play and win at least the third or fourth place of the international competition in Phnom Penh,” he said during an interview with The Southeast Asia Weekly on January 12.

To support this upcoming international competition, Sothearith appealed to private companies and international organizations to fund the 16th Southeast Asian Junior Table Tennis Championship 2010 because CTTF has to take full responsibilities for the whole competition’s expenditures and right now, they are lacking resources and materials for organizing the competition in Phnom Penh.

President Rat Sokhorn recently donated 20 tables and other related materials to the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) Table Tennis Center to prepare for training and the future competition.

According to CTTF, there are over 15 table tennis clubs and associations with 100 trainees in Cambodia. ////






“I Will Study for a Master’s Degree in Economics to Support My Family”

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

One of The University of Cambodia’s “Samdech Hun Sen-Handa National Scholarships 2008” students, Soun Virak, 19, spoke with The Southeast Asia Weekly about his desire for the future after graduation. Soun Virak is the oldest brother with two sisters in the family and they are now living in Kampong Chhnang province, where he was born in 1991.

His father is a colonel military commander working with the Artillery Unit in the Ministry of National Defense based in Kampong Chhnang province and his mother is a business woman living in Prey Khmer Village, Rolea Phoear district, Kampong Chhnang province.

Soun Virak is now studying Economics at The University of Cambodia (UC) after he passed the UC scholarship exams in 2008 in Phnom Penh. Virak studied at the Bun Rany Hun Sen Rolea Phoear High School in Kampong Chhnang province and he earned a Baccalaureate in 2008.

“I wish to thank Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen and Dr. Handa very much for offering me the scholarship to study with The University of Cambodia without paying,” he said. “To show my gratitude to them, I will try to study hard to get a Bachelor’s Degree in the future.”

Virak continued to say that he decided to study Economics at The University of Cambodia because he wanted to apply for a good job in finance and banking in the future. On the other hand, he revealed his desire to become a future businessman.

“I decided to study Economics with UC because I wanted to become a future businessman,” he said. “If I become a businessman or business manager I will be able to make money to support my family as well as contribute to the progress and development of Cambodia.”

Virak said that besides his studies with UC, he is also in the second year of studying Law at the Royal University of Law and Economic Sciences in Phnom Penh. He added that he decided to study law because he wishes to know about national and international laws in addition to his Economics major so that he can run his business well in the future.

To achieve his Bachelor Degree’s goal, Virak now studies very hard and reads many books related to his studies everyday.

“I will continue to apply for studies for a Master’s Degree in Economics with The University of Cambodia to support my family after completing my Bachelor’s Degree goal in the future.”

Sok Chivoan, a former classmate of Soun Virak, said that Virak is one of his good friends. Chivoan said that he has known Virak since he was a child and they were studying together at the Bun Rany Hun Sen Rolea Phoear High School in Kampong Chhnang province.

Chivoan continued to say that Virak was a hard learner, helpful and friendly and was also one of the most outstanding students in his class.

“I am happy having a friend like Soun Virak. I hope that with his hard study and hard work Virak will pass his studies at The University of Cambodia and RULE in the future,” he said during a personal interview with The Southeast Asia Weekly. ////

Ministry of Health Plans to Buy Vaccines for Women and Children

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Ministry of Health has planned to conduct the “Vaccination Injection Campaign 2010” for children and women in early February to provide good health and safety. Due to the shortage of medicines and vaccines, the ministry plans to buy more medicines and vaccinations from abroad this year for treatment of Cambodian women and children.

Dr. Sann Chan Thoeun, Director of the Preventive Medicines Department in the Ministry of Health, said his ministry plans to spend US$4 million to buy the medicines and vaccines for treatment, especially for mothers and babies in Cambodia this year.

“Due to the recent increase of the children’s birth rate, Cambodia is now lacking medicines and vaccinations for treatment of women and children,” he said. “The ministry is now planning to buy from abroad for Cambodian women and children,” he said on January 12 in Phnom Penh during a workshop on a strategic plan for healthcare in 2010.

Dr. Chan Thoeun continued to say that the medicines and vaccines that his ministry will buy for its vaccination injection campaign include polio, diphtheria, TB, and tetanus and other related materials. These medicines and vaccines will be given free of charge to the women and children in Cambodia.

According to the Ministry of health’s statistics, there are about 400,000 children being born and about 400,000 women giving birth every year in Cambodia.

“The ministry has ordered and recommended all the state hospitals, referral hospitals and health centers to provide medicines and vaccinations free of charge at least five times for all children and pregnant women in Cambodia,” he said.

Chan Thoeun went on to say that the vaccines injection for mothers and children have been increasing in recent years because the rate of pregnancy and children’s birth has also increased every year in Cambodia.

To promote women’s health, the Ministry of Health has urged women between the ages of 15 to 45 to present themselves for tetanus inoculation every year, said Dr. Veng Thai, Director of the Municipal Health Department in the Ministry of Health.

Dr. Veng Thai said the tetanus vaccination program started in 1996 and in that time over one million Cambodian women have received the vaccines each year. He emphasized that most women who received tetanus jabs were garment industry workers, factory workers, and homemaking women. He said the injection campaign for all women is conducted at all public hospitals or health centers in cities and provinces.

“The tetanus vaccination is very important for our women as they are the mothers of the next generation,” he said, adding that a course of inoculation provides a lifetime’s protection against tetanus and other diseases. He added that every Cambodian woman should have at least five tetanus injections in her life. He also encouraged them to bring their children as it is never too early to make the first steps on the road to a tetanus-free life.

According to a report which was released by the Ministry of Health in 2009, the prevalence of tetanus infection is still high for the women and children of Cambodia. He also noted that approximately 80 percent of tetanus cases here resulted in death. ////





Cambodia Holds Workshop on Disaster Risk Reduction

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM), in cooperation with the Cambodian National Mekong Committee (CNMC) and the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), conducted a national workshop in Phnom Penh aiming to increase knowledge sharing on Disaster Risk Reduction Planning at provincial and district levels as well as exchange practices and experiences on the integration of disaster risk reduction planning process in Cambodia.

A two day national workshop was held from January 12-13 under the sponsorship of the Flood Management and Mitigation Program (FMMP) of the Mekong River Commission Secretariat (MRCS) with funding from the European Commission for Humanitarian Aid Department (ECHO).

Peou Samy, Secretary General of the National Committee for Disaster Management, said that this initiative is part of the European Commission Humanitarian Aid department funding to the Mekong River Committee (MRC) Secretariat of over one million Euros since 2003 in different funding cycles under its DIPECHO program.

The main objective of the national workshop is to promote the linkage of flood management and mitigation programs within disaster risk reduction initiatives in Cambodia and also to build synergies between national and local interventions by involving other stakeholders and continuing to network, share experiences, and disseminate tools in Cambodia.

“I think that by focusing on the strengthening of local and national authorities, as well as selected relevant non-government actors in flood preparedness and emergency management, the project contributes to a sustainable pro-poor development in the lower Mekong River basin,” said Samy.

The Secretary General stated that for the Mekong River Secretariat, strengthening flood preparedness and flood emergency management remain core elements of the Flood Management and Mitigation Program implemented since 2004. These directly address the need of the flood-vulnerable communities and also guide the strengthening operation of the government agencies in the member countries (at the different levels: nation, provincial, district, and communes) and of national and international NGOs. This is vital for enhancing communication, coordination, and cooperation between these stakeholders, as well as consistency of the national disaster management and mitigation policy implementation.

These experiences clearly show that increased capacity of the key officials of the provincial, district, and commune disaster management committees have led to better flood preparedness in the selected provinces in the three member countries, mainly Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos PDR, according to Samy.

The workshop focused on some of the recent initiatives on disaster risk reduction planning in Cambodia under various externally aided programs and the working models and initial steps of integration of disaster risk reduction into local development planning processes in selected provinces such as Kratie, Svay Rieng, Prey Veng and Kandal. This would also give impetus to the implementation of the Royal Cambodian Government commitment to the Hyogo Framework of Action 2005-2015.

The Secretary of State went on to say that the flood management and mitigation tools developed by MRCS have a basin-wide approach and can be applied to support local level interventions. MRCS looks into the recent EU strategy for DRR in developing countries as an opportunity to partner in reducing the flood risk in the lower Mekong River basin with the long-term regional approach towards flood resilient communities. ////

Friday, January 8, 2010

Cambodia Hosts 4th Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Football Cup 2010

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

A total of 34 Cambodian football teams, including ten Cambodian premier leagues, four football clubs from companies and non-governmental organizations in Phnom Penh, and 20 other clubs from cities and provinces have attended the “4th Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Football Cup 2010,” aiming to encourage playing football in Cambodia.

The “4th Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Football Cup 2010” competition began on January 7 and will end on March 6, 2010. The competition will take place in four provinces including Battambang, Siem Reap, Kep, and Svay Rieng.

Ouk Sethy Cheat, Director of the National Sport Training Center in the Ministry of Education Youth and Sport (MoEYS) and General Secretary of the Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC), said that the Football Cup 2010 was organized by the FFC and funded by KTC Company, KTH Company, Hello 015, 016 company, and SCA, and also supported by Cambodia’s Deputy Prime Minster Sok An, Honorary President of FFC and Phnom Penh Governor Kep Chuktema.

“It marks the fourth year FFC has organized ‘Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Football Cup 2010’,” Ouk Sethy Cheat said during a press conference at the National Olympic Stadium on January 4.

The main objective of the football competition is to attract Cambodian youths to pay attention to football playing to have good health and become a strong pillar and human resource for the development in Cambodia, he said, adding that it is also to select the best Cambodian football team to prepare and play at international football competitions, which will take place inside or outside the country in the future.

The Director added that another objective of the competition is to celebrate the 31st Anniversary of the 7th January Victory Day, which is the second birth of all Cambodians.

The competition was divided into eight poles and two sections in which the first section was for “Dropping Competition.” The “Dropping Competition” will run from January 7-15 in four provinces such as Battambang, Siem Reap, Kep, and Svay Rieng. The second section is for “Final Competition.” It will take place from January 30 to March 6, 2010 at the National Stadium in Phnom Penh.

Sethey Cheat said the “Final Football Competition” will be organized every Saturday and Sunday at the National Stadium in Phnom Penh and broadcast live by the Television Kampuchea or TVK. He added that those who win the first class will receive a trophy, along with 80 million riel (US$19,230), those who win the second place will receive 40 million riel (US$9,615), and those who win the third place will receive 20 million riel (US$4,800).

“I hope that through these competitions, Cambodian football will develop and our football players will also gain more playing experience and will be able to win medals from international competitions in the future,” he said. “I also hope that these events will attract our Cambodian people, especially youths to play football as well as to promote their health and help develop their country in the future.” ////

Brahman Cattle Show and Exhibition Held in Cambodia

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

About 150 different species of Brahman cattle were first displayed for the farmers at Ahrey Khsat village, Lvea Em district, Kandal province. The Brahman Cattle Show and Exhibition was held from January 7-9 and organized by the Cambodia Brahman Breeders’ Association (CBBA), a local association aiming to introduce the Brahman cattle growth and its meats for Cambodia’s markets.

Srey Chanto, President of the Cambodia Brahman Breeders’ Association (CBBA), said that this event marked the first time his association organized the “Brahman Cattle Show and Exhibition” for people in Kandal province as well as in Cambodia in order to promote the Brahman cattle industry in the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The purpose of the event is to celebrate the “Victory Day over Genocide.” It is also to promote the agricultural sector for cattle rearing, to motivate farmers raising cattle, share experiences, techniques and skills with farmers, and also to present the progress of cattle rearing in the developed countries concerning artificial insemination, embryo transfer, new types of vaccine, good and high protein grasses for feeding and making cattle grow faster, how to make the concentrate feed beneficial to cattle, and techniques to choose high productive breeds.

President Chanto said that this show will be arranged annually in Cambodia by Cambodia Brahman Breeders’ Association in the future.

“We have known that this is the first-ever show for Cambodia, thus, all people and farmers have not widely ever learned about such event. In this regards, as the president of CBBA, I would like to ask for your forgiveness beforehand regarding any deliberate and unintentional mistakes we may make,” he said at the exhibition. “We strongly believe that more farmers will participate in the show in the consecutive year and we will do our best to improve the show which is including the programs of competition of cattle from various farms, cattle bidding, and cattle exhibition.”

CBBA was established in early 2009, aiming to promote Brahman cattle industry as well as to share experiences, techniques and skills with farmer. When the association began the Brahman cattle breeding in early 2009, there were only 10 cattle but now there are over 150 Brahman cattle and 63 member farms in his association.

Khy Vibolbotra, Personal Assistant to the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Dr. Chan Sarun and Deputy Director of the International Cooperation in the Ministry, appreciated with CBBA’s hard work in introducing and promoting the Brahman cattle breeding in Cambodia. He said that the CBBA’s hard work has really helped the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry Fisheries as well as the Royal Government of Cambodia in developing and reducing the poverty.

“I think that this event is a testament to show clearly both the progress and development of the agricultural sector and cattle productivity sector in Cambodia. CBBA’s hard work and activities have really helped the Royal Government of Cambodia and the ministry is to enhance and promote agriculture, food security and cattle productivity in Cambodia. It also generates work for Cambodian people as well as reduces the import of the Brahman meats from abroad in future,” he said.

Vibolbotra added that to promote the safety of local beefs in Cambodia, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries is working hard training the framers about artificial insemination, embryo transfer, new types of vaccine, good and high protein grasses for feeding and making cattle grow faster, how to make the concentrate feed which is beneficial to cattle, and techniques to choose high productive breeds, and cattle treatments. ////

“My Dream is to Become a Future Diplomat”

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Pem Penh, 21, one of The University of Cambodia’s “Samdech Hun Sen-Handa National Scholarships 2007” students, spoke with The Southeast Asia Weekly on January 7, 2010, describing his hard learning to get a scholarship. Penh was born in 1989 in Kirivong district, Takeo province. He is the oldest of two sons in his family. Penh’s parents are farmers and living in Kirivong district, Takeo province.

Penh is now studying International Relations (IR) at The University of Cambodia (UC) and is also studying Economics at the National University of Management in Phnom Penh. Penh studied at the Sok An Sobin High School in Kirivong district, Takeo province and earned a Baccalaureate in 2007. He applied to study International Relations at UC following the introduction of the “Samdech Hun Sen-Handa National Scholarships” in 2007.

“I was happy that I passed the scholarship exams from The University of Cambodia and I have a chance to study IR at UC, which is an outstanding university in Cambodia,” he said. “I think that if I did not get the UC’s scholarship I probably cannot study with UC because my family is poor and I have no money to pay for UC’s fee.”

He pointed out that he decided to study IR with The University of Cambodia because he wanted to become a future diplomat, working with the Cambodian government.

“My dream is to become a diplomat working with the Royal Government of Cambodia or working with the UN’s agencies in Cambodia in the future. I wanted to become a diplomat because I think that with this major I can work to promote good relationships with other countries in the world and also to bring financial support and donations for my country,” he said.

He stated that since he has studied IR with UC in 2007 so far, his knowledge and understanding about IR has improved. He can also understand the basic knowledge of laws, both local and international, which have been implemented in Cambodia.

“I noted that since I studied IR with UC, I understood many issues relating to the laws, constitutions and human rights, which have been practiced in Cambodia,” he said. “I hope that my IR skills will be improved after my graduation from UC in the future.”

Pem Penh said that besides studying International Relations with The University of Cambodia, he now is also studying Economics at the National University of Management in Phnom Penh. He said he decided to study Economics because he wanted to know clearly about the new economic program and new economic technology information in addition to his IR major in the future.

Penh continued that to reach his goals, he now studies very hard, does homework and reads many books related to his studies every day. He added that when he graduates from UC, he will apply for Master’s degree study with The University of Cambodia in the future.

Din Vandara, 20, a UC scholarship student and also a friend of Pem Penh, appreciates Penh’s hard work. He said that he has known Pem Penh since 2007 when he was studying English with him at the UC in Phnom Penh. He added that Penh’s family is poor but he is a hard learner, gentle, helpful, and honest student in his class. ///

Konrad Adenauer Foundation Launches Book Distribution

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The book on “Tasks of Spokespersons, Media Officers, and Communication Officers,” which was written by Cambodian veteran journalist Chhay Sophal with the financial support from Konrad Adenauer Foundation, was launched on January 5 and distributed freely to journalists groups and relevant officials of all royal government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and private companies in the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The launching and free distribution of the book entitled was organized by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Club of Cambodian Journalists.

Khieu Kanharith, Minister of Information and spokesman to the Royal Government of Cambodia, said that the book is the first book written by a Khmer journalist in 2010.

The Minister continued to say that the book is very important because it has clearly introduced the important roles of spokespersons, media officers, and communication officers in carrying out their daily duties and working with relevant government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and private companies.

“I am proud of Mr. Chhay Sophal who is the Cambodian writer of this book and also a veteran journalist in Cambodia,” he said during opening remarks at the launching. “I think his book is very important and useful for those officials who are now working as spokesmen, media officers, and communication officers with government ministries as well as non-governmental organizations or private companies in Cambodia.”

The Minister emphasized that currently most of Cambodia’s media officers or communication officers have not performed their duties well because they were not trained about the necessary skills.

“Thus, I hope that Chhay Sophal’s book will become a resource or guideline book for them to read in order to improve their communication skills and perform their duties well in the future,” he claimed.

To promote the capacity building of the government ministries spokesman and media officers, the Ministry of Information in collaboration with the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, the Club of Cambodian Journalists, American Embassy to the Kingdom of Cambodia, and other related non-governmental organizations, will conduct trainings on job skills for them in the future, he said.

Chhay Sophal, author of the book and publisher of a English language newspaper “Cambodia News,” said that it is the first time he has written this book and is distributing it freely to those who are working as media and communication officers in Cambodia.

Sophal said that the book was printed in mid-December 2009 with financial support from Konrad Adenauer Foundation, aiming to improve the capacity building of the spokesmen, media officers, and communication officers working in Cambodia.

The main purpose of the book is to contribute to the development and promotion of Cambodian government’s human resources in capacity building, especially in media and communication sections, he said, adding that one thousand copies of the first-ever book on the issue in Khmer language are distributed free of charge to relevant officials of all the royal government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and private companies. Journalist and media and communication students of the Royal Phnom Penh University are also the target group. ///


Cambodia Marks 31st Anniversary of Victory Day Over Genocide

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Over 10,000 Cambodian government officials, teachers and student gathered in Phnom Penh on January 7 to mark the 31st Anniversary Celebration of Victory Day over Genocide and to remember those who were killed and died of starvation in the Khmer Rouge’s terror regime.

The 31st Anniversary of Victory Day was organized by the Royal Government of Cambodia, and under the presidency of Samdech Chea Sim, President of the Senate, Samdech Heng Samrin, President of the National Assembly, and Samdech Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The Senate President Samdech Chea Sim said that the gathering aimed to remember over two million Cambodian people’s souls and those who were killed and died of starvation during the former Khmer Rouge leaders in their rule of Cambodia from 1975 to 1979.

“The 7th January Victory Day is an historical day that all Cambodian people from everywhere come to gather and meet to mark the day that liberated their lives from genocide and it also is their second birth in their lives,” he said during opening remarks at the 31st Anniversary of the Victory Day over Genocide in Phnom Penh.

The Senate President Samdech Chea Sim continued to say that during the past 31 years, under the wisdom and clear leadership of the Royal Government of Cambodia led by the ruling Cambodian People’s Party, Cambodia has been at peace, political stability, progress and development all sectors. This is because Cambodia has been working on reconstructing and developing its country.

“We expressed the emotion to support and congratulate the Royal Government of Cambodia presided under the genius leader of Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen, and the experienced leader who managed and built, as well as defended the motherland and development on all sectors,” he said. “We all appreciate the successes and cannot forget the sacrifices of our beloved countrymen who persisted against all inhumanities of the genocide regime.”

The President added that this actual history appeared that in the period of 31 years, initiating from the successes of 7th January 1979, Cambodian people made great artwork to defend and build its own Cambodian nation.

“We have fought against the return of a genocide regime we have finished the prolonged war and made the nation agree totally and become a peaceful country,” he said. “The rights and freedom, and democracy, as well as legal state have developed widely, and honor and the national prestige were also re-built. It’s the greatest success of all people who united to establish. All people understood that if there was no 7th of January, we would not have everything as today. No one could not forget it.”
The President stated that the positive progress in the present day is reflecting on the spiritual efforts of Cambodian people such as all ministries, authorities, government officials, armed forces and all societies and other development partners.

He added that for 31 past years, the CPP and Cambodian people have lived together in stability. The spirit of 7th January was endorsed with Cambodia’s conscience and turned out to be a broad force in creation of the national society.

Relating to the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) or Khmer Rouge Leaders’ trial, Samdech Heng Samrin said that the Cambodian People’s Party as well as the Royal Government strongly supported the ECCC trail in finding the justice for those who had been killed in the Khmer Rouge’s regime. However, he warned that the government will take action against those who intended to use the Khmer Rouge’s trials to affect on the national reconciliation and peace in Cambodia.

Relating to the future Cambodian People’s Party’s Prime Minister Candidate, the President Samdech Chea Sim stated that the party will continue to support and appoint Samdech Techo Hun Sen as its Prime Minister candidate for national elections in the future.

He also call on all Cambodian political parties to recognize and respect the 7th January Day because there was no 7th January, they would not have everything as today.

According to a report of the Cambodian People’s Party, over two million Cambodian people had been killed by executions, starvations and illness during the Khmer Rouge regime from 1975 to 1979.