Tuesday, March 30, 2010

Sufficient Modern Weapons to Protect Cambodia

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Four-Star General Chea Dara, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) and also Chief of the 4th Frontline Direction United Commandment in Charge of Preah Vihear Border, said that Cambodia has enough capacity and modern weapons and ammunitions for fighting and defending its sovereignty, integrated territory and borders.

General Chea Dara continued to say that since Cambodia has had conflict on the Thai border conflict the fighting occurred in 2008 and 2009 in Preah Vihear province, under the direct orders and leadership of Prime Minister Hun Sen, the RCAF’s troops now have strong minds and willing to defend their borders.

The General made this announcement when he made his first presentation on “Preah Vihear situation and his report on Cambodia-Thai Borders since the beginning of the fighting until today” at the Council of Ministers on March 24th. About 300 high-ranking officials from the Royal Government, the National Assembly, Senate, and various ministries have attended his presentation in Phnom Penh to listen to his reports about the issue of Preah Vihear borders.

“Under the direct orders from Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen, RCAF troops now are very brave and committed to defend the sovereignty and the territory of Cambodia,” he said. “We are determined to defend our nation and we will not lose one millimeter of land to any foreign nations,” he told the participants at the Council of Ministers in Phnom Penh.

“Cambodian solders have fired at the Thai troops to protect their borders while they have invaded our borders in the past. There are over 50 Thais that died and some others ran away from the frontlines and their units,” he said.

Dara described that since the Preah Vihear Temple’s listing in 2008, the Thai troops have invaded at Wat Keo Sekhakirisvara, in Sambok Khmum and other areas in Preah Vihear areas. They claimed that these areas are belonged to Thailand.

He said when the fighting occurred in 2008 and 2009 in Preah Vihear borders, the roads and other rehabilitation were very bad in Preah Vihear areas and the RCAF troops are difficult in walking and working in protecting the borders. He added that many new roads and rehabilitations now have been constructed along the borders in Preah Vihear provinces and many soldiers’ families and other new people have also resettled in those areas.

“I have received the direct orders from the Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen that if the Thais enter into Cambodia I must shoot them immediately. So I told the Thais that if you are positioned at any place you have to stay at that place and do not move forward to Cambodian side. If you move to Cambodia’s territory we will be shooting you. Therefore, they are not brave enough to invade our land,” he said.

Dara stated that the success of RCAF troops’ fighting over Thais in Preah Vihear province in 2008 and 2009 were the result of Samdech Techo Hun whom he has given his clear and direct orders, strategic planning and his own monitoring, along with the strong efforts and hard works of the Cambodian troops.

“Through these fighting, I recognize that Samedch Hun Sen is the only Cambodian leader who is very smart and has lots of military strategic fighting and leading skills in his life. Samdech Hun Sen is the King of Solders in Cambodia. I believe that with his clear order and leadership, we can defend and develop our borders and country in the country,” he said.

Deputy Prime Minister Sok An, Minister of the Council of Ministers, has appreciated with General Chea Dara’s hard work as well as the RCAF troops.

The Deputy Prime Minister Sok An said one week after the World’s Heritage Committee’s unanimous decision on Preah Vihear Temple, Thai troops crossed the border with Cambodia and moved toward to the Temple.

This incursion was a violation of the 1962 decision of the International Court of Justice (ICJ), which required Thailand to remove its armed forces stationed in Cambodian territory near the Temple, he said, adding that in response, Cambodia exercised its obligation to defend Cambodian territory, an action that can only be understood as a response to the Thai militarization of the area.

H.E. Sok An continued to say that Thailand justified there invasion based on a map of the border contradicting the map used by the ICJ in its famous 1962 decision. Unlike the ICJ map, the Thai map places the border of the two countries at the immediate edge of the Temple structures.

He added that for more than 40 years, Thailand did not openly dispute the ICJ border. However, it dusted off the unilateral map just in time to legitimize expansion into Cambodia. The map was made by the Royal Thai Survey Department during the period of Khmer Rouge influence. It was marked “secret,” apparently to hide their international ambitions. ////

Toyota Vehicles Display New Series in Cambodia

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Toyota Cambodia Company Limited which was originally named “T.T.H.K” established in 1993 was inaugurated and displayed a new series of modern Toyota vehicles on the 25th of March 2010 in Phnom Penh.

The inauguration ceremony of the modern Toyota cars was celebrated under the presidency of Deputy Prime Minister Keat Chhon, Minister of Economy and Finance, and Japanese Ambassador Masafumi Kuroki at the Inter-Continental Hotel in Phnom Penh.

Deputy Prime Minister Keat Chhon said that Toyota Cambodia’s establishment has contributed to the economic growth, poverty reduction, development and the progress in Cambodia. He said that the Cambodian government is ready to welcome an incentive to both local and foreign investors doing businesses or investments in Cambodia in order that they can help the government to generate jobs for people as well as to reduce the poverty.

“I believe that the new Toyota car series which are imported by the Toyota Cambodia will contribute to the users’ lives and living-conditions easier and comfortable. It will also contribute to the economic and social growth, development and the progress in the Cambodia,” he said during his opening remarks at the inauguration ceremony.

Kong Nuon, Chairman of the Toyota Cambodia, said that Toyota Cambodia was established in consisting of Toyota Tsusho Corporation, Fujilex Service, Toyota Tsusho (Singapore) Ptd. Ltd, and Kong Nuon Import and Export Company. He stated that the main policy of the company is to contribute in development of motorization in Cambodia, constantly providing and improving the best services to customers, and ensuring all customers in Cambodia.

Toyota Cambodia’s products and services included new car sales: campus, showroom; Toyota genuine parts: warehouse and genuine parts; other services such as customers lounge, workshop, periodic maintain, general repair, body alignment, painting booth, technical training and oversea training, he said, adding that his company has been importing to Cambodia with hundreds of cars such as Toyota Land Cruiser, Prado, Camry, RAV-4, Corolla, Coaster, Hilux Vigo, Pryace from Japan to Cambodia.

Masafumi Kuroki, Ambassador of the Japanese Embassy to Cambodia, said that Today’s occasion would announce T.T.H.K as an official and exclusive distributor of Toyota brand, not only engaging the current sales of cars and provision of service but also will surely make a great contribution to this country by training its staff and transferring and maintain skills to Cambodian workers.

“Toyota Corporation is one of the most well-known Japanese companies in Cambodia, and I believe that all staff of Toyota Cambodia will make the best effort to further promote Toyota brand under the TMCs fundamental principle of maximize customers’ satisfactions,” he said.

The Ambassador said that Cambodia saw the effects by the worldwide recession which occurred in 2008. Its GDP growth rate dropped in 2008 and 2009 in comparison to 10 percent average growth rate from 2002 to 2007. He added that this world economic crisis hit Toyota sales as well. While year 2008 sales were 1026 units, making the highest record, in 2009, the Toyota sales decreased to 437 units which was less than half of the previous year.

“The Japanese Embassy continues to support Cambodia’s efforts to improve its investment and environment, such as assisting improvement of roads, contributing to the country’s capacity building and promoting special economic zones,” he said. “I expect to see Cambodian government’s commitment to promote direct investment from foreign countries.”

He added: “I am confident that Toyota’s endeavor will continuously contribute to Cambodia’s economic development and will provide a good sample of friendly and mutually beneficial relationship amongst private sectors in Japan and Cambodia.”

Scholarship Student Nget Sina Wants to Become IT Expert

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Nget Sina, 20, one of The University of Cambodia’s “Samdech Hun Sen-Handa National Scholarships 2008” students. Sina was born in 1990 in Samrong district, Takeo province and has one sister and a brother. He is the oldest brother in his family and his parents are farmers living in Samrong district, Takeo province.

Sina is now studying the Information Technology (IT) at The University of Cambodia (UC), and also studying his Environment major at the Panhasastra University (PU) in Phnom Penh.

He passed the scholarship exams offered by The University of Cambodia in Phnom Penh in 2008. He studied at the Samdech Ov High School in Samrong district of Takeo province, and earned a Baccalaureate before he passed the UC scholarship in 2008.

“I decided to study the IT major at The University of Cambodia because I wanted to become an IT Computer Programmer in the future. I also wanted to establish my own computer company or internet provider in Cambodia in order to make money to support my family in the future,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly.

Sina pointed out that since he has studied IT with UC; he knows lots about computers and IT. He was also able to repair the computers as well as to install the software and internets for individuals or private companies. He was also able to communicate, reading and writing English well.

“I am now happy because I have been successful with studies with UC,” he said. “I hope that my IT major and my English skills will be improved increasingly better when I completed my studies with UC in near future. I want to become an IT expert.”

Sina continued that to achieve his goal, he now studies very hard every day. He has also conducted his own research about computers, emails and internet skills. He added that when he completed his Bachelor study, he will then continue to study for Master’s degree in IT with The University of Cambodia.

Son Samnang, 20, UC student, said that he has known Nget Sina since 2008 when he was studying English with him at The University of Cambodia. He continued to say that he Nget Sina was a friendly and hard learner in The University of Cambodia.

“I am happy that I have a good friend like Nget Sina,” he said. “I hope that with his hard studies and hard work, he will get the success he deserves in the future.”///

MSM Groups at Risk from HIV and AIDS

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) groups now are faced with a high epidemic rate of HIV /AIDS because they have unprotected sex, by not using a condom. Te risks of contracting HIV or AIDS are very high according to the National MSM Network officials. And could seriously have an affect on the country’s society.

Authority (NAA), said that there are concerns over the groups of MSM, and the high rate in Cambodia of people having sex without the use of a condom that can lead to HIV or AIDS.

Dr. Sam An continued to say that according to NAA’s report and research, there are between 20,000 and 30,000 MSM people living in 24 cities and provinces in which 8.7 percent of them have got HIV.

“I am now very concerned about the epidemic of HIV/AIDS among the MSM in Cambodia. Most of them now are still having sex without the use of condoms and these behaviors are very risky for them because they will contract HIV and AIDS and spread it to their partners and families,” he told the National MSM Network Working Group, that Meet on March 25th in Phnom Penh.

To prevent and reduce the spreads of HIV and AIDS, he called on all people especially MSM people to use a condom while having sex in order to prevent them from being affected from HIV or AIDS in the future. He also encouraged the MSM groups to get their blood tested at the health centers, NGOs clinics or hospitals in order that they will be able to prevent their partners or families from being infected from viruses.

Sem Sokha, MSM Coordinator of the National MSM Network Working Group, said that MSM are at high risk for HIV/AIDS in Cambodia.
He stated that the discrimination and stigma against MSM also makes most of them try to seek help for HIV/AIDS and STT prevention for care and social services.

He pointed out so far the National AIDS Authority and the National MSM Networking and other involved NGOs have been working very hard in training, advocacy and trying to help people affected by the diseases.

He added that the National AIDS Authority has also established five strategies of the National Strategic Framework on HIV/AIDS and STT for MSM. The five strategies included prevention of a new HIV infection among MSM, mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS on HIV positive MSM and their partners and their families, build and sustain an environment that supports HIV/AIDS and STI programs for MSM, strengthen the capacity of partners, and improve the collection and the use of strategic information. ///

Cambodia Selects National Football Players for 2010


BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Ten selected football teams from cities and provinces have attended the “Metfone Cambodian League 2010”, starting from March 27th to August 22nd, 2010 at the National Sport Complex in Phnom Penh, and this competition is organized by the Football Federation of Cambodia, sponsored by Metfone Company.

Ouk Sethycheat, Secretary-General of the Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC), said that it marked the first time FFC has organized “Metfone Cambodian League” in Phnom Penh to select the best football player for Metfone Cambodia League in 2010.

The 10 footfall teams participating are the top ten teams in Cambodia and they were selected by FFC to attend this football tournament in Phnom Penh, he said, adding that the competition will take place every Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday at the National Sport Complex.

Relating to the Metfone Cambodian League 2010’s tournament, Sethycheat said that the teams participating in the Metfone Cambodian League 2010’s tournament will profit in three phases. The first phase is the benefit of ticket sales, for every match-day, taking account of cash, will distribute to teams which are playing the game. The second phase is the Football Federation of Cambodia awards to the 10 teams that qualifying within the following prize: 1st Place: 36 million Riel (about US$ 8,570), 2nd Place : 34 million riel (about US$ 8,000), 3rd Place : 32 million Riel (about US$ 7600), 4th Place: 32 million Riel, 5th Place: 28 million Riel (about US$ 6,600), 6th Place: 26 Riel (US$6,190), 7th Place : 24 million riel (about US$ 5,700), 8th Place: 22 million riel (about US$ 5,200), 9th and 10th Place : 20 million riel (US$ 4,761).

Sethycheat said that the third step is for the medals and prizes for the play-off competition. The football teams who win the championship receive the winning cup,
The Top Scorer receives 2 million riel (about US$ 476); the best Fair Play team receives 4 million riel (US$952), the Best Referees receives 4 million riel, Best Goal keeper receives one million riel (US$ 238), the Best Coach receives two million riel, and the Best Player receives two million riel. ///





2010 Chess Championship 2010

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

About 200 Cambodian people will attend the “Samdech Techo Hun Sen Chess Championship” for over three days from April 1st-3rd at the National Stadium Complex in Phnom Penh. The Samdech Techo Hun Sen Chess Tournament, organized by the National Olympic Committee of Cambodia (NOCC) and the Cambodian Chess Federation (CCF), are aiming to select the best players of chess in Cambodia in 2010.

Vath Chamroeun, Secretary-General of the National Olympic Committee of Cambodia (NOCC), said that the Samdech Techo Hun Sen Chess Tournament is the first time the National Olympic Committee of Cambodia and the Cambodian Chess Federation will organize “Samdech Techo Hun Sen Chess Championship 2010” in Cambodia.

“We are very proud to organize the Tournament it’s a historical event as we are going to hold this competition in Cambodia,” he said during a press conference at NOCC on March 10th.

Chamroeun said that the main purpose of the chess competition is to select the best players of Cambodia and prepare for the future international chess competitions abroad. He added that it is also to develop as well as to conserve the chess sport which is one of the Khmer traditional cultures and ancient sports and will help the next generation of Cambodian players.

Chamroeun said that according to research and studies, by playing chess it will help the players to have a good brain and strong spirit. He added that the competition will also be able to promote the players’ thinking, mental health and strong spirit in doing their daily jobs and during their lives.

“Most of all the Khmer ancient commanders and Khmer leaders who were good at leading their country in the past were good chess players,” he said. Playing chess is very useful because it will strengthen their ideas and spirit in thinking and to do their work better,” he added.

Chamroeun appealed to the Cambodian people to attend the chess competition and play as they can improve their ideas, spirit and mental health in contributing to the development of human resources, the promotion and the conservation of the playing chess for the next generation in Cambodia.

Ly Hout, President of the Cambodian Chess Federation, said that to prepare for the chess tournament 2010, his federation has prepared over 100 chess tables for the players. He pointed out that according to their estimation; about 200 people will attend the “Samdech Techo Hun Sen Chess Championship 2010” in Phnom Penh.

Regarding to the competition, Hout said that the competition will be divided into two categories including “dropping competition” and “final competition”. Each competition has a total of 45 minute-period. He added that the chess competition will take place from the 1st to the 3rd of April at the National Stadium Complex in Phnom Penh. The entry is free of charge for all national citizens and foreigners in Cambodia are welcome.

Relating to the chess tournament’s prize, Chamroeun said that one out of about 200 of the competitors who finishes in first place will receive a gold medal with US$ 5,000 award; the second winner receives a silver medal with US$ 3,000 award; and the third winner receives a bronze medal with US$ 1,000 award.

To promote the playing chess as well as to develop and preserve the chess sport for the next generation, the National Olympic Committee of Cambodia and the Cambodian Chess Federation will continue to organize chess competition every year in Cambodia, he said, adding that they have also planned to send Cambodia’s selected chess players for the international chess tournaments abroad in the future. ////




Wednesday, March 24, 2010

Cambodia Hosted ISF 2010 U16-Barclays Football Tournament

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

A total of 18 under 16-year old Girls Football Teams with over 300 people from 23 Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Cambodia have attended the “ISF U16-Barclays Girls Football Tournament” on March 13th at the old stadium in Phnom Penh in aiming to promote the women’s football playing in the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The under16 year-old Girls Football Competition was organized by the Indochina Starfish Foundation (ISF) in partnership with Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC), and funded by the Barclays Capital which is the investment banking division of Barclays Bank PLC, based in London, United Kingdom.

Samuel Schweingruber, Director of Women’s Football of Football Federation of Cambodia, and Director of the SALT Academy Battambang province, and also Football Coordinator of the Indochina Starfish Foundation, said that it marked the second time FFC and ISF organized this Tournament in Phnom Penh, in aiming to promote the development of football industry as well as women’s football in Cambodia.

“The main purpose of the football competition is to bring the girls from different places of Cambodia to meet each other and playing football together, in order that they can be happy and know each other. It is also to improve their health as well as to promote the women’s football in Cambodia in future,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly.

He pointed out that on 20th March ISF will also host the third Price Waterhouse Coopers/ ISF Boys Football Tournament 2010 in Phnom Penh. He said participating NGO’s include Cambodia Children’s Fund, Pour un Sourire D’Enfant, HAGAR, Sunrise Children’s Village Kandal, SOS Children’s Villages in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Battambang, and ASPECA who are serving Cambodia’s poorest children in Cambodia.

He added that both events will provide fun days out for the footballers and supporters and demonstrate Indochina Starfish Foundation’s commitment to the development of youth football in Cambodia.

Relating to ISF activities, he said that ISF is an international charity assisting some of the poorest children in Cambodia through education and sport. ISF has set up schools in Boeng Salang and Stung Meanchey and Phnom Penh, working with children who support themselves and their families collecting rubbish around the city.

Schweingruber said that ISF helps the children with education and food support parcels and assist the children in entering or re-entering the state education system in Cambodia. He added that in cooperation with 23 other Cambodian and international non-governmental organizations and the Football Federation of Cambodia and SALT Academy Battambang, ISF has developed a football coaching program to give the children the social and physical benefits of participating in organized sports.

He added that so far, ISF has sponsored approximately 2,500 Cambodian disadvantaged or orphaned children training twice a week with qualified coaches and participating in regular leagues held from October to April every year.

Kavin Burke, Managing Director of Barclays Capital, said that Barclays capital was happy to sponsor the “ISF under 16 year-old girls-Barclays Girls Football Tournament” in Cambodia. This event was piloted in 2009 and due to the phenomenal success, Barclays Capital have undertaken to support the event for the next three years.

“Barclays Capital is happy to financially support under 16 year-old girls football teams in Cambodia and this is just the beginning of our Barclays capital’s sponsorship for the disadvantaged children’s football teams,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly.

To promote the development of football industry as well as to promote the disadvantaged children to enjoy their childhood or playing the football in Cambodia, Barclays capital will continue to sponsor U16 Boys and Girls Football competitions in the future, he said.

Seng Mom, 15, a football player from SOS Children’s Village Battambang, said that she was happy to attend the “ISF-Barclays under 16 year-old Girls Football Tournament 2010” in Phnom Penh.

“It is my first time to attend the football competition in Phnom Penh and I really enjoyed it, and I hope that although I will not win this year’s competition I will have a chance to participate it in the future,” she told The Southeast Asia Weekly. ///




Scholarship Student Son Samnang Dreams to be an English Teacher

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Son Samnang, 20, one of The University of Cambodia’s “Samdech Hun Sen-Handa National Scholarships 2008” students. Samnang is the first son among five brothers who are now living in Kampong Speu province where he was born in 1990. He is now studying English Literature at The University of Cambodia (UC), and he is also studying Banking and Finance at the Royal University of Law and Economics Science in Phnom Penh.

Samnang had earned a Baccalaureate when he studied at the Kampong Speu High School in 2008 before being passing the scholarship exams offered by The University of Cambodia.

“I decided to apply for scholarship to study English Literature at UC because I know that this university is one of the best universities in Cambodia. I decided to study English Literature major because I wanted to be a good English speaker and also a future English teacher in Cambodia,” he said during an interview with The Southeast Asia Weekly on March 16th.

To achieve his goal, Samnang studies very hard and reads many books related to he studies every day. He has also conducted his own research about English literature and also learning, internet skills, and he will try to study harder to get a Bachelor’s Degree. He will then continue to study for Master’s Degree with UC in the future.

Son Samnang said that besides studies with UC, he now is also studying Banking and Finance at the Royal University of Law and Economics Science in Phnom Penh. He added that he decided to study Banking and Finance with RULE because he also whishes to work as a Banker or Business operator with international private companies in Cambodia in the future.

He emphasized that he is now looking for internships or part-time work with a national and international Non-Governmental Organizations in Cambodia. He added that the reason why he wanted to work while studying is because he wanted to learn about working and other office skills and gain useful experience prior to graduation. On the other hand, he wanted to make money to support his studies.

Nget Sina, 20, UC student and a personal friend with Son Samnang, said that Samang is a good student and also a hard learner at class. He added that Son Samnang was a patient, gentle and helpful student. He is one of the most outstanding students in The University of Cambodia. ///

Debate Session “What Can ASEAN Do about Climate Change”

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The British Embassy in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and The University of Cambodia (UC) have organized the Debate Session on Climate Change Topic “What Can ASEAN Do About Climate Change”, aiming to raise awareness on climate issue for young generation especially students in Cambodia on March 16th at the UC office.

Dr. Kao Kim Hourn, Personal Advisor to Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen, Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, said that the debate session is very important because it will provide the chance for students to share and learn about climate change issue in Cambodia as well as in region or in the world.

“Climate Change is the issue of concerns for our next generations, and it is also a global concern for people in the world, therefore many conventions, treaties and protocols to protect the environment were adopted and signed by many states,” he said during opening remarks during the debate session at The University of Cambodia (UC) on March 16th.

Dr. Kao, who is also the President of The University of Cambodia continued to say that Climate change has been an agenda of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and all ASEAN’s member countries and are very concerned about it. They are now working hard to combat and reduce climate change issues in region and in the world.

To combat the climate change, ASEAN has important role and influences in implementing and encouraging all countries which have adopted and signed conventions, treaties or protocols to implement it and to cooperate and work hard in reducing their pollution and other electronic products that lead to the climate change, he said.

He added that there must also be the national and international level meetings, ASEAN Meeting and other regional or global events in order to share ideas and raise awareness about climate change or finding solutions or actions in combating climate change issues in the future.

H.E. Andrew Mace, British Ambassador to Cambodia, said that Cambodia is one of the first countries to confirm associations with the Accord on January 1st, 2010. He said that to raise awareness among youths and students in Cambodia, the British Embassy to Cambodia is in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and have organized debates on Climate Change in three universities: the Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP), The University of Cambodia (UC), and the Royal University of Law and Economics (RULE).

Mace stated that debates included: what was the outcome from UNFCCC in Copenhagen in December 2009. What is the Copenhagen Accord?; How can Cambodia benefit from the outcome?, what are the next steps?; and How can Cambodia work for an improved agreement in the future?

He added that the main purpose of this debate is to help the students and teaching staff, government officials, the development in the community, and the public more widely to understand climate change and the Copenhagen Accord.

According to a GEERES’s report, Phnom Penh is the third vulnerable city in Asia in terms of natural disaster. From 1987-2007, there were 12 floods, 1125 deaths and 5 droughts which have cost the government more than US$ 300 million. If the sea level increased one meter higher, 56 percent of Koh Kong town’s territory would be covered by water. ////

Government to Combat Hydro Chlorofluorocarbons in Cambodia

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Hydro Chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) are still the main concerns for Cambodia in which they will destroy the ozone layer and are braking down in the lowest part of the atmosphere. To combat the use of HCFCs in Cambodia, the government is now working hard in making strategic plans for the HCFC phase out, according to the government officials.
Khieu Muth, Secretary of State in the Ministry of Environment, said that HCFCs are main concerns for Cambodia. They are now using them for refrigeration, aerosol propellants, foam manufacture and air conditioning in Cambodia. He added that HCFCs have affected us on the lowest part of the atmosphere, and pose a much smaller risk to the Ozone layer which will lead to having the climate change.
“To combat HCFCs, the Ministry of Environment is in collaboration with other concerned ministries and NGOs and now are working hard in protecting the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of mankind,” he said during his opening remarks delivered to the “National Consultative Workshop on HCFC Phase-out Management Plan of Cambodia,” on March 16th in Phnom Penh.
He said that his ministry has also conducted climate change workshops and trainings and awareness rising, climate change national institutional strengthening; improving national greenhouse gas inventory; vulnerable and Adaptation Assessment; and other national and international cooperation and network.
Muth said that his ministry has also provided training for service technicians and giving equipment support for HCFC recovery and re-use, including recovery unit, mini reclaim unit, accessories and tools. He added that the government has also projects approved for the chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) phase out both investments and non-investment components in Cambodia. So far, there are fourteen companies that have registered with the Ministry of Environment as importers of ozone depleting substances in Cambodia with four new importers that have registered in 2009. The import of HCFCs in 2009 came from China, India, Malaysia, and Singapore.
He added that so far, over 500 million HCFCs have been reduced in Cambodia.
Dr. Thanavat Junchaya, United Nations Environment Program’s Representative, said that on January 1st, 2010 was a landmark date for Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer as all countries in the world must stop the import and export of EFCs and other ozone depleting substances.
“On this note, I would like to congratulate Cambodia for their excellent implementation thus far,” he said.
He stated that when UNEP and UNDP first provided their technical assistances to Cambodia through the formulation and implementation of country program and Refrigerant Management Plan in 2004, they were quite concerned that Cambodia might not be able to meet the phase out targets and would fall into non-compliance with the Montreal Protocol since Cambodia joined the Ozone family quite late compared with other countries and had to make significant reductions of ODS in a relatively short time.
“The hard work carried out by the Ministry of Environment-with the support of other government departments along with cooperation from the private sectors, had enabled Cambodia to meet the phase out targets so far. I am quite certain that Cambodia will achieve 100 percent phase out of CFCs and other ozone depleting substances from this year onward,” he said.
He commented on that Cambodia is now facing another difficult challenge which is to start preparing for phase out of HCFCs for short. Cambodia has seen the import and consumption of HCFCs rise almost 300 percent from 2003 to 2008 and the trend is likely to continue increasing. However, Cambodia will need to control the consumption starting with the freeze in 2013 and 10 percent reduction in 2015.
“The UNEP and UNDP are pleased to join hands once again to provide our assistance to Cambodia to prepare HCFC phase out management plan or HPMP. The process started one year ago when the HPMP workshop was held to start the data survey and collect information on HCFCs import and supply chain, its use in different sectors and the servicing infrastructure,” he said. ////

The First Field Guide of Cambodian Rattans Products Launched

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The World Wide Fund for Nature also known as World Wildlife Fund (WWF), in collaboration with Forestry Administration and General Department of Administration for Nature Conservation and Protection in the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MoAFF) have launched the first Filed Guide of the Rattans of Cambodia on March 17th, aiming to contributes an important step towards sustainable rattan management as it describes the diversity, ecology and characters of rattan in Cambodia.

The first Field Guide of the Rattans of Cambodia was written by Mr. Khou Eang Hourt, a Cambodian Senior Botanist, and supported by WWF which is one of the world’s largest and most respected independent conservation organizations, with almost five million supporters and a global network active in over 100 countries in the world.

Men Phimean, General Director of the Forestry Administration in Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries, said that this guide book is very important because it will contribute to the sustainable rattan management as well as its development in Cambodia in future.

“Rattan plays an important part in Cambodia’s economy. In rural areas, these climbing palms can account for up to 50 percent of village cash income. The large global rattan market – estimated at US$ 4 billion per year –offers enormous growth potential to the Cambodian rattan sector because of the kingdom’s impressive diversity of rattan species,” he said.

However, he continued to say that Cambodia’s natural rattan resources are severely decreasing due to over harvesting and deforestation.

“This is the first rattan taxonomic study carried out in Cambodia and should serve as a milestone in the Cambodian flora research,” said Seng Teak, WWF Country Director.

Seng Teak said that the research documents more than 20 rattan species across 13 provinces all over Cambodia and identifies five species with the highest market potential. The resulting guidebook provides the common Khmer name (local names) as well as scientific name of each species.

He added that it also supplies detailed information on rattan characteristics including habit, leaf sheath, sheath spines, knee, climbing organ, leaf, cane, inflorescence, and fruits. Detailed distribution maps provide information on where to find each species while descriptions and colour photographs support his field identification. The guide provides a source of key knowledge to anyone involved or interested in sustainable rattan harvest and production.


Michaelle Owen, WWF Cambodia Country Program Manager, said that rattan, a climber from the palm family with more than 600 species and 13 genera identified worldwide, is a valuable Non-Timber Forest Product (NTFP) available in forests throughout the Greater Mekong region. Its stems are used for a variety of purposes, including food, shelter and furniture.

She said that in Cambodia, a total of 21 species have been identified so far by Mr. Khou Eang Hourt and most of them make a crucial contribution to local livelihood, providing extra income to agricultural activities. However, forest land encroachment and conversion to other land uses as well as over harvesting has put pressure on rattan resources, which are now mainly restricted to protected areas and protected forests.

She stated that rattan is also an import commodity in international trade, and can generate a significant amount of foreign exchange. At present, however, the Cambodian rattan industry cannot compete with other rattan manufacturing countries such as China, Indonesia and Philippines.

“Within this context, WWF have partnered with the European Commission and IKEA to work towards developing a model for sustainable rattan production and commercialization that will sustain forests ecosystems and improve community welfare in the region, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam,” she said.

She emphasized that WWF intervention has focused at different stages of the supply chain from village producer group, to traders and processors and finally to the buyers. The project takes an entrepreneurial approach to conservation by looking for economically beneficial solution to sustainability issues and trying to generate better returns for al parties involved.

She also said that WWF has also been working with national and international buyers to influence the demand for clearer and more sustainable rattan at fairer prices. In doing this they coordinate with the middle-man, rattan processors and traders who buy the raw material, add value through secondary processing and link with the regional and international buyers.

She added that to develop a strong and sustainable rattan industry, WWF has also assisted 11 rattan small-medium enterprises to set up the first rattan associations in Cambodia.

“While we are all familiar with rattan as finished products like chairs or tables, very few people know what these plants look like in the forest or how many species there are in Cambodia,” Khou Eang Hourt, Senior Botanist, commented.

Khou Eang Hourt said that the knowledge about rattan is vital for a sustainable development of the Cambodian rattan industry: Collectors need to identify which rattan-species to harvest; traders need to assess the value of the different species; processors need to select the right rattan species for handicrafts or furniture-production; and buyers are interested in the exact sources of green and clean rattan products.

He added that rattan resource is decreasing due to over-harvesting and loss of forest ecosystem. There is an urgent need to stop this trend and protect rattan and forest biodiversity through sustainable use of rattan resources for economic growth. The publication of the first ‘Field Guide of the Rattans of Cambodia’ is part of a larger programme to establish a sustainable production system for rattan products in Cambodia.

According to WWF Cambodia’s report, since 2006, WWF has been helping local people of Prek Thnoat community in Kampot province apply a community-based model of sustainable rattan resource management taking into account proper technique of harvest, nursery and plantation in natural forest. Processing techniques provided to the community were a strategy to motivate community-run rattan productions to reduce unsustainable export of raw rattan to neighbouring countries. This rattan management model currently covers 4,900 households in Kampot, Preah Sihanouk, Koh Kong, Kampong Thom and Preah Vihea provinces. ///

Cambodia and JICA Sign an Agreement for Grant Aid Projects

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Royal Government of Cambodia and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has singed two agreements with in ¥ 959 million (US$ 10.5 million), aiming to enhance economic development and the progress in the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The agreement for two grant aid projects was signed by Deputy Prime Minister Keat Chhon, Minister of Economy and Finance and Mr. Suzuki Yasujiro, Chief Representative of JICA to the Cambodian Office in Phnom Penh on March 18th.

The two grant agreements singed include the Project for Construction of Neak Loeung Bridge with a total of ¥ 239 million, and the Project for Introduction of Clean Energy by Solar Electricity Generation System in the amount of ¥ 720 million.

H.E. Keat Chhon said that these two aid projects are important because they will contribute to the social and economic development and the progress in Cambodia. He added that the Japanese grant aid will also help the Royal Government of Cambodia in accelerating its economic development and the progress in Cambodia in the future.

Suzuki Yasujiro, Chief Representative of (JICA ) Cambodia Office, said that the Project for Construction of Neak Loeung Bridge is aiming to enhance the economic development at both regional and national levels by improving the road network not only in Cambodia but also in the region and to improve the movement of people and goods between Ho Chiminh City, Phnom Penh Municipality and Bangkok which later can stimulate the economic activities in Cambodia and the east-west growth corridor.

The JICA’s Chief Representative stated that this aid project will be used for the detailed design of the bridge construction following the basic design implemented in 2009.

Yasujiro said that the Project for Introduction of Clean Energy by Solar Electricity Generation System aimed to supply the electricity of Phum Prek Water Treatment Plant at the same time it will promote the clean energy utilization and emission reductions installing the photovoltaic system to be connected to the national grid. Moreover, this grant aid will also contribute to the sustainable water supply for households in Phnom Penh, Municipality at the affordable water price via saving the electricity coast of water contribution of Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority ( PPWSA).

The two aid projects are expected to contribute respectively to physical infrastructure development in Cambodia in the Rectangular Strategy (phase two) and the National Strategic Development Plan of the Royal Government of Cambodia, he said, adding that it is also to contribute to achieve the related Cambodia Millennium Development Goals on the water supply and sanitation.

“I hope that our on-going and future cooperation in this spirit will be strengthened more and contribute to align the Japan’s ODA to the realistic development of Cambodia as well as strengthen the inter-ministerial cooperation of the Royal Government of Cambodia,” he said. ///



Government to Promote Economic Growth and Sustainable Development

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Although the fallout from the world and global economic crisis, Cambodia’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP) has gained slight growth in 2009 and is going to grow up approximately five percent in this year. The announcement was made by Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen while opening remarks at Cambodia Outlook Conference on the scheme “Returning to a High Growth Economy-Policy Priorities and Action for Growth and Sustainable Development” on March 17th.

Cambodia’s GDP has gained “slight growth” last year and it is going to grow another 5 percent this year, according to a preliminary financial result which was released by the Ministry of Economy and Finance at the Cambodia Outlook Conference.

Prime Minister Hun Sen said that the Cambodia’s GDP growth from last year remained positive but it was only slight growth if compared to previous years’ GDP growth before the global economic crisis has taken place in Cambodia.

“These positive economic results are supported by good results in the agriculture, industry and other service sectors which grew at 5.4 percent and 2.3 percent respectively in 2009. However, there is much work to be done before the country will return to rapid growth that marks economy prior to the global economic crisis,” he said.

Samdech Hun Sen predicted the sustainable growth in the agricultural sector, particularly in rice and rubber production in the future as the Cambodia’s gross domestic products will be risen up by five percent in 2010.

To accelerate and promote the high economic growth in Cambodia, the Prime minister recommended the measures to be done and needed for Cambodia to become a high-growth economy, the importance of the agricultural sector as a “potential engine of growth” in the medium to long term.

Prime Minister warned that Cambodia has to remain vigilant of the economic storm, despite the apparent upturn. He also discussed on the need of saving money, reiterating that he would freeze government recruitment, with the exception of teachers and medical workers in Cambodia.

Hang Chuon Narong, Secretary General for the Ministry of Economy and Finance, said that the primary result for 2009’s GDP growth was recorded at 0.1 percent. The finalised figure is set to be released in June 2010. To promote the economic growth in Cambodia, there must be to create a “better quality of growth” for the domestic economy.

Chuon Narong continued to say that the small-scale land development, which has the potential to increase employment, is an important factor to consider along with the introduction of large land concessions.

John Nelmes, the IMF’s representative for Cambodia, said overall GDP was estimated to have contracted by 2.5 percent in 2009. He added that IMF estimates that growth will turn positive this year, with GDP rising by four percent in 2010.

Cambodia’s GDP was US$ 9.4 billion, according to an estimation of the World Bank in 2008. ///

Japan Provides US$ 31 Million Grant for Development in Cambodia

BY BUITH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

In response to a request from the Royal Government of Cambodia and with a view for strengthening the friendly and cooperative relations between Japan and the Royal Government of Cambodia and to promote and address climate change with special emphasis on the adaptation to and mitigation of climate change as well as on the improvement of access to clean energy, the Government of Japan has decided to extend its ODA Grant Aid of up to (¥ 2,859,000,000), approximately (US$ 31,800,000).

The Exchange Note for Japan’s ODA Grant Aid was signed by H.E. Hor Namhong, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, and H.E. Mr. KUROKI Masafumi, Ambassador of Japan to Cambodia. The signing ceremony was under the high presidency of Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen on March 18th.

The Japan’s ODA Grant Aid is aimed at contributing to the implementation of the four (4) following projects: ¥ 239,000,000 for the Project for Construction of Neak Loeung Bridge; ¥ 720,000,000 for the Project of the Introduction of Clean Energy by Solar Electricity Generation System; ¥ 1,000,000,000 and for the Program of Improvement of Capabilities to Cope with Natural Disasters Caused by Climate Change; and ¥ 900,000,000 for the Forest Preservation Program in Cambodia, said officials of Cambodian and Japan’s governments

The Deputy Prime Minister Keat Chhon said that Japan continues to be the top donor, assisting Cambodia in every possible way in its efforts to reduce poverty in Cambodia.

“The Royal Government of Cambodia is very pleased to receive the grant from the government of Japan via the Japanese Embassy in Cambodia. We hope this Japanese grant will help the Royal Government of Cambodia in developing the country as well as to accelerate social and economic development and poverty reduction in the future,” he said.

He added that these three projects are expected to play a role in developing the rehabilitation, infrastructures and economic growth, especially in coping with climate change issues in Cambodia.

The Japanese Ambassador KUROKI Masafumi continued to say that the total amount of grant assistance for these four projects is ¥ 2,859,000, 000.

The Project for Construction of Neak Loeung Bridge will enable to make the detailed design of the proposed bridge, and the Mekong River crossing point at Neak Loeung has become a bottleneck with regard to the transportation of goods and people, he said, adding that the construction of Neak Loeung bridge is anticipated to resolve the bottleneck on National Road No. 1 and to contribute towards enhancement of Southeast Economic Corridor which would ultimately lead to the promotion of Mekong region.

He stated that second, the three grant assistances dealing with the environment are anticipated to play a role in addressing the climate change issues in Cambodia. This assistance is made under the “Hatoyama Initiative” on climate change, and highly appreciating the prompt association of Cambodia with the Copenhagen Accord. Moreover, these projects are granted as a part of the “Decade towards a Great Mekong” initiative, which was agreed at the Mekong-Japan Submit Meeting in November 2009.

The Project for Introduction of Clean Energy by Solar Electricity Generation System aimed to equip Phum Prek Water Treatment Plant at the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority with a solar electricity generating system and contribute to a reduction in green house gas emission. The Forest Preservation Program tackles deforestation and degradation of forests by measuring forest inventories with satellite remote sensors utilizing leading Japanese technology. The Program for Improvement of Capabilities to Cope with Natural Disasters Caused by Climate Change aimed to prevent floods and drought by granting heavy equipment to be used for the rehabilitation and construction of flood protection dikes.

“On behalf of the Government of Japan, I expect to see continued close cooperation between our two governments, through the implementation of these four projects,” he said. “I strongly hope that the assistance from the people and the government of Japan are committed today and will help accelerate Cambodia’s economic and social development, and will benefit for the people in the Kingdom of Cambodia,” he added. ////

RCAF’s Football Team Won 4th Samdech Hun Sen Football Tournament

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

A total of 34 Cambodian football teams from companies and Non-Governmental Organizations in Phnom Penh, other cities and provinces have attended the “4th Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Football Cup 2010” from January 7th to March 7th in Cambodia.

The 4th tournament was organized by the Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC), and it was funded by KTC Company, KTH Company, Hello 015, 016 company and SCA, and also supported by Deputy Prime Minster Sok An, Honorary President of FFC and Phnom Penh Governor Kep Chuktema.

Through the hard competitions, the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) Team won the first place this year (2010), when Phnom Penh Crown’s Football Team won took second place, and Preah Khan Reach (Royal Sword Football) Team came in at third position, according to FFC official rankings.

General Sao Sokha, Chief of Military Police and President of the Football Federation of Cambodia, said “that it marked the fourth year as FFC has organized the Samdech Techo Hun Sen Football Cup in order to select the best football players and champion for 2010”.

The FFC President General Sao Sokha continued to say that the purpose of the competition was also to encourage the people to play football as well as understand and develop the football industry in Cambodia.

“It is the fourth year for FFC organized Samdech Techo Hun Sen Football Cup and we are very proud with these competitions. Through these four competitions we’ve noted that our Cambodian football players have been developing and improving a lot both their working experiences and techniques,” he told reporters after the handing over of the trophy for the 4th successive year of the Samdech Hun Sen Football Cup 2010 on March 7.

He added that the football team which won this year competition has shown lots of their hard work, patience and hard training for their competitions.

To promote the football industry in Cambodia, Sokha called on private and international companies to continue their supports for the future football competitions in Cambodia. He also encourages the people especially the youths and young people to play football so that they can improve their health in contributing to the development of sports, the development of human resources and the progress in the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Ouk Sethy Cheat, Director of the National Sport Training Center of Education of Youth and Sport and General Secretary of the Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC), said that as result of this year’s competitions, RCAF’s Football team won the event were rewarded 80-million riel; Phnom Penh Crown’s Football Team, that finished runners up were awarded with 40 million riel; and the Preah Khan Reach’s Team that finished in third place were awarded with 20 million riel.
The Director stated that the football teams which got a “Fair Play” of the competitions have also received a total of 5 million riel; football players who scored more goals successfully received an extra 1 million riel; the best goal keepers received 1 million riel also the best referee of the tournament received a total of 5 million riel. His added that the championship and prizes giving was held under the presidency of His Excellency Kep Chuktema, Advisor and High Representative of Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen, and Governor of the Municipality of Phnom Penh.

Thong Otdom, 23, football player of the RCAF’s Football Team, whose football team has won the football tournament of the 4th Samdech Hun Sen Football Cup 2010, said that he was happy that his team has won the first place of the competitions and received a total of 80 million riel. “I am very happy and it is the first time for my team to have won the championship. I think that this success will bring my football team’s credit and honor to the development of football industry in Cambodia. To maintain my team’s football championship as well as to prepare for future competition, I will continue to play my football and train hard,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly during a personal interview. // /


“I Want to be a Lawyer in the Future”

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

One of The University of Cambodia’s “Samdech Hun Sen-Handa National Scholarships 2007” students, Chea Mengsreng, 22 has interviewed with The Southeast Asia Weekly on March 11th, describing about his hard learning it takes to get a scholarship. Mengsreng was born in 1989 in Kor Commune, Prey Chhour district, in Kampong Cham province and has one sister. He is the oldest in his family. He is now studying the Law at The University of Cambodia (UC) and also the English Literature at the Institute of Foreign Language (IFL) in Phnom Penh.

Mengsreng’s parents are business people living in Phnom Penh. Mengsreng studied at the Bak Touk High School in Phnom Penh and he earned a Baccalaureate in 2007 before he passed the scholarship exams offered by The University of Cambodia in Phnom Penh in 2007.

“I am now studying very hard to complete my Bachelor Degree in Law with The University of Cambodia,” he said. “I hope that with my hard study and hard work, I will pass my Bachelor next year.”

He stated out that he decided to study his Law Major with UC because he wanted to be a future lawyer in Cambodia.

“I decided to apply and study as my major in Law at The University of Cambodia because at UC as I know there are many good lecturers and it has also got modern equipment, so It would great to study here,.

Mengsreng added that since he has been studying Law at UC, so far he has learned lots about laws, and other related skills such Computer Skills, English Literature, and many other majors. He can also read, write and speak English well.

“I am now happy as my general knowledge and understandings have been improved on after my studies at UC. I hope that my law skills will be even more improved on when completing my study with UC in the future. I also hope that with my hard study and hard work, I will become a lawyer in Cambodia in the future,” he said.

Mengsreang pointed out that to achieve his goal, he now studies very hard and reads many books related to his studies every day. Other research sources include the internet, foreign newspapers and magazines. He said when he completes his Bachelor’s Degree; his goal will be then to continue to apply for Master Degree in Law study at The University of Cambodia.

He added that besides his study with UC, he now is also studying in the third year of English Literature at the Institute of Foreign Langue.

Ngoun Chhay Leang, a UC student is also a personal friend of Chea mengsreng, praised about Mengsreng’s hard study and hard work. He said that Chea Mengsreng was a hard learner and was one of the most outstanding students in his class.

“I believe that with his hard study and hard work, he will realize his dreams and become a future lawyer in Cambodia. I wish him all the best of luck and success with his studies,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly. ////





Initial English Language Teaching Books on Sale in Cambodia

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The United Knowledge Company (Cambodia) (UK) and The Oxford University Press (OUP), are one of the most prestigious academic presses in the world and among the leading publishers of English Language Teaching (ELT) books and materials, has announced an exclusive partnership in order to distribute the English language teaching books and materials in Cambodia.

This announcement of partnership was made in Phnom Penh on March 11th during a signing ceremony of the exclusive distribution agreement between Mr. Peter Marshal, Managing Director of the Oxford University Press, from the United of Kingdom and Mr. Meng Hieng, Managing Director of the United Knowledge Company.

“I am very proud that the United Knowledge has been given the opportunity to present in Cambodia this publisher known around the world for its English training publishing program as well as its many other high quality of publications,” said Meng Hieng, before signing at the ceremony.
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The language schools were not able to access the original publications and it was difficult to get ELT publishers to provide support, such training seminars to help teachers in the use of materials, he said, adding that at that time, it was an uphold struggle for the UK as original materials directed from the publishers were much more expensive than private versions which were available in the market.

“We have always strived to support the education in Cambodia. We know Cambodian students are not well-resourced and this new, exclusive distributions agreement with Oxford University Press will allow us to deliver and improve the service and provide better pricing for tier ELT materials in Cambodian market,” he said. “We have already organized teaching skills & development training for around 5000 teachers in Cambodia in the past and we are delighted that our new partnership will mean we can continue and augment this necessary work.”

Hieng said that OUP shared UK’s commitment for development of teacher as it is the key to delivery of good quality knowledge and more accurate learning in the classroom to the ultimate advantage of all Cambodian children. He added that OUP has lost of experience in developing to build curriculum in different countries and markets.

He continued to say that his company looks forward to establishing a working relationship with the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport so that it can distribute ideas and suggest materials to support the teaching of English in the National Curriculum in Cambodia.

“We believe that the deal between OUP and UK will be a great success and will contribute to the support of education in Cambodia,” he said. “I am pleased to say because of this partnership, UK will be able to offer schools in Cambodia the best prices for OUP publications-especially the comparison with neighboring countries and markets,” he added.

Peter Marshal, said that OUP has selected United Knowledge Company Limited because of its exclusive experience and success in supplying the ELT market in Cambodia.

“Oxford is proud to partner with United Knowledge, not only because of their unrivalled resources and expertise in Cambodia, but also because similar to Oxford they are committing to serving and helping to develop the human potentials of Cambodia,” he said before the signing ceremony. “The United Knowledge’s commitment reflect our own, and provide a strong foundation of common interests on which to base our partnership,” he stressed.

He continued to say that OUP was founded in 1586 and it is now becoming one of the largest publishers in the United Kingdom, and the largest university press in the world. OUP is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University’s objectives of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. ///

National Radio To Promote Broadcasting Quality in Cities and Provinces

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

A total of 64 government officials who are the chief and deputy-chief’s of information departments from 24 cities and provinces, have attended a one-day workshop on “Strengthening Partnership between National Radio of Kampuchea (NRK) and Capital-Provincial Information Departments to Promote the Quality of Broadcasting” in Phnom Penh.

The workshop was organized by the National Radio of Kampuchea, which was funded by the World Bank, AusAid, and Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) in order to promote the quality of NRK’s officials capacity and their broadcasting throughout the country.

H.E. Khieu Kanharith, Minister of Information, said that “the workshop was very important because it has helped the ministry to improve and strengthening the NRK’s officers’ capacity as well as their quality of broadcasting so that they will able to produce the faster and interesting news and reports for broadcasting, for the people of Cambodia in the future”.

The workshop has also directed all capital and provincial NRK officials to learn about the ministry’s objective as well as NRK’s guidelines to improve and promote their working activities, sourcing the news and contexts for broadcasting with the National Radio of Kampuchea so that the people will be aware and know clearly about the important news, education, life skills, government’s polices and other useful information.

“I noted that so far our NRK’s officials have already been working very hard and well in providing the good information for broadcasting with our state radio program but it needed to be improved on, and developed and strengthened due to the development of the new technologies in Cambodia. Therefore, I suggest all of you to cooperate and strengthen your capacity and quality of reporting in broadcasting to educate our people in Cambodia,” he said.

The Minister recommended all chiefs and deputy chiefs of the information departments to produce their reportages or broadcasting in accordance with government’s policies and good governance in contributing to the sustainable development, peace, security, political stability, public orders, and pluralism democracy in Cambodia. He also distributed 40 computers and other materials to all 24 capital-provincial information departments so that they can use them for their working activities in producing and broadcasting for their listeners in the future. ///

Academy of ICT, Essential for Government Leaders is Launched

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Cambodian human resource capacity, in the use of information and communication technology (ICT) for socio-economic development is set to make a great stride with the launch of a United Nations ICT capacity building program in Cambodia.

Over 50 high-level appointed officials from 27 Cambodia’s ministries, 10 ICT Training Institutions and 10 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have attended the First National Workshop of the “Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders” (Academy), a core developed by the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT/ESCAP) over four days at the Intercontinental Hotel in Phnom Penh from March 9th - 12th.

The first national workshop was co-organized by the National Information Communications Technology Development Authority (NiDA) and UN-APCICT-ESCAP aimed to promote the use of ICT for development in Cambodia. The workshop opening and signing ceremony of Partnership was Arranged by His Excellency Leewood Phu, Secretary General of NiDA, and Dr. Hyeun-Suk Rhee, Director of APCICT.

Noy Shoung, Deputy Secretary General in Charge of Human Capacity Building and FOSS of the National Information Communication Technology Development Authority (NiDA), said that the launching of the ceremony marked the first time NiDA and APCICT have organized this event in order to promote, as well as to develop the use of ICT for development in Cambodia. Noy Shoung continued to say that the main purpose of the workshop was to create awareness and enhance knowledge on ICT among the chief information officers, and senior-level officials of Ministry and agencies, representatives of international development agencies and the pool of resource persons in the area of ICTD affiliated with NiDA.

“ICT is very necessary for the Cambodian government leaders and senior officers in order to know that they can work better and faster for the ministries. So ICT human resource capacity is building a government’s key priority in equipping policymakers and project manages with the necessary ICT skills and knowledge to develop and deliver effective public services is the primary objective of the Academy,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly during a separate interview.

Shoung said that over 50 participants including senior government officials responsible for ICT and E-Government projects, officials from 27 government ministries including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the Ministry of Rural Development, and the Ministry of Women Affairs, as well as academics from numerous universities, and representatives from international development agencies based in Phnom Penh have to attended the event.

Relating to the use of ICT in Cambodia, Shoung said that so far, the Cambodian government has already established the E-Government System in all the government’s ministries and institutions in Cambodia. He added that the government is now connecting with the E-Government System in 10 cities and provinces and will be extending it to all 24 cities and provinces in the near future. It will also establish “ICT Information Center” for government’s officers in all villages, communities and districts in the future.

Dr. Hyeun-Suk Rhee, Director of The United Nations-Asian and Pacific Training Center for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT-ESCAP), said that Cambodian government has been very proactive to promote ICT for Development in recent years but there are still more a lot work needed to be done, in particular the government officers need to be understand the use of ICT.

“To promote the use of ICT for development, the government officials need to understand what kind of ICT’s are available and what kind of applications are also available and how ICT is moving in the right order develop them, that kind of understanding is important,” she said. “So through the Academy workshop we would like to testify to the government officers on this issue.”

The Director said that UN-APCICT is working in partnership with NiDA in providing the comprehensive curriculums for Cambodian government officials on the use of ICT for developments in Cambodia. She emphasized that UN-APCICT is a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), established with a membership identical to that of ESCAP and is located in Incheon, Republic of Korea. APCICT aims to strengthen the efforts of the existing member’s of the ESCAP to use ICT in their socio-economic and developing through building human and institutional capacities for ICT.

She stated that in order to fill major gaps and provide a valuable and up-dated contribution to the existing ICT development efforts by international, regional and national organizations in Asia-Pacific region, UN-APCICT-ESCAP has developed and launched a flagship initiative entitled “Academy of ICT Essentials for Governmental Leaders.

The Academy includes a comprehensive ICT for development (ICTD) curriculum and over a dozen partners which are working with APCICT-ESCAP to roll out the Academy at national level, she said, adding that there are currently eight modules with the following titles: The Linkage between ICT Applications and Meaningful Development; ICT for Development Policy, Process and Governance; E-Government Applications; ICT Trends for Governance Leaders; Internet Governance; Network and Information Security and Privacy; and Options for Funding of ICT Development.

She added that the Academy has been conceptualized, developed and implemented through a participatory and inclusive approach. At its conceptualization, over 20 countries participated in a comprehensive training and needs assessment. Moreover, the module for development the stage, over 60 government officers, academies, and ICT experts provided input. The academy is currently using all three languages-English, Bahasa Indonesia and Russian, and translating the Academy modules into other languages are underway.

Subsequent to the official launch of Academy in 2008 at the OECD Ministerial Meeting, APCICT has taken great strides in rolling out the Academy modules in different countries through partnerships with national governments and institutions, as well as sub-regional organizations. As of January 2010, the Academy has launched into 12 other countries such as Afghanistan, Cook Islands, Indonesia, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Philippines, Samoa, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Tonga and Tuvalu. ///




Government Disseminated the Penal Code

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Royal Government of Cambodia has officially disseminated the Penal Code which is the system of punishment of Cambodia in order to spread the information for people nationwide in Cambodia.

The National Conference on Dissemination of the Criminal Code was organized by the Ministry of Justice, and under the presidency of Samdech Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia on March 10th.

Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen said that “this Penal Code will replace the 1993 United Nations Transitional Authority of Cambodia’s (UNACT) provisional Penal Code which had been practiced over 15 years in Cambodia. He added that the Penal Code is very important because it is only legal tool which has been collected and comprising all legislations and laws to ensure the implementation of justice and rule of law in Cambodia”.

“I used to comment previously that when the new penal code is used, the Ant-Corruption Law will also be adopted. Therefore, now the draft of the anti-Corruption Law is already arrived at the National Assembly and if the National Assembly holds a full session in the morning and evening, the draft on Anti-Corruption Law will be also approved today, or at the latest tomorrow,” he said during opening remarks delivered to disseminations of the Penal Code on March 10th in Phnom Penh.

The Prime Minister Hun Sen said that this new penal code will become in important legislative tool in which it is not only helping the court officers as well as judges, lawyers and prosecutors to have a plenty of legislative documents in fulfilling their duties but also to allow general people to seek and know about the limit of the law and their rights and responsibilities especially about what they should do or should not do in order to avoid from having the punishments or crimes.

He has called the court officials, judges, prosecutors and lawyers to take their effort to study about this new penal code in order that they will able to work to fulfil their duties very well in order to provide justice for the people in Cambodia.

Ang Vongwathana, Minister of Justice, said that over 15 years, due to the shortage of the penal code, the government has used a UNTAC’s provisional Penal Code to carry out its duties in finding the justice and establishing a rule of law in Cambodia.

The Minister Vongwathana continued to say that however, after the establishment of this new penal code, the UNTAC’s provisional penal code will be expired and this new penal code now will be becoming into effect in Cambodia. He pointed out that the new penal code of the Kingdom of Cambodia was passed by the National Assembly on October 12th, 2009 and was also adopted by the Senate on November 17th, 2009. It was also declared to officially use on November 30th nationwide in Cambodia.

He added that with cooperation and technical assistance from French government, the Cambodian government has spent over 10 years to draft and produce this new penal code .

According to Minister Vongwathana, the new penal code comprises of a total of 40 articles and most of the articles have also mentioned about corruptions, crimes and their punishments. ///

Cambodia Approved a Long-Waited Anti-Corruption Law

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The National Assembly of Cambodia has unanimously approved a Draft of Anti-Corruption Law within 82 votes. The session of a long-waited Anti-Corruption Law debate was under the presidency of Samdech Heng Samrin, President of the National Assembly of Cambodia on March 11th.

Samdech Heng Samrin announced that the National Assembly and the Royal Government of Cambodia has agreed to maintain the meanings of original texts of the Draft on Anti-Corruption Law as they are meaningful for the legislature implementation in Cambodia.

He added that the Draft of Anti-Corruption Law will become a legal tool for the Royal Government of Cambodia for its implementation in fighting against the corruption in Cambodia.

“The National Assembly has unanimously passed the draft of Anti-Corruption Law after being conducted for a three-day session. The Law will be sending for the Senate to discuss the final approval and I hope that after it is passed and comes into effective, it will become a legal tool to implement in Cambodia,” he said.

Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen appreciated the National Assembly’s adaptation of the Anti-Corruption Law. He said those who had criticised the timing of debate on the long-awaited Anti-Corruption Law were hypocrites and urged the National Assembly and Senate to pass it as soon as possible to combat corruption in Cambodia.

The Royal Government of Cambodia did not consider some recommendations from civil society and opposition parties because this would have complicated the articles that had already been drafted.

“Many People, particularly the opposition party and civil society’s members recommended to do this or to do that, so the solution is to follow the decision made by the majority voice from the parliament and Senate,” he said. “Therefore, I would like to appeal that those who are concerned or not satisfied with the current draft of the Anti-corruption law should put their efforts into winning the 2013 election. If they win the 2013 Election, they can amend it but I am sure they will not win the election,” he stated during opening remarks at the National Conference on the Dissemination of the Penal Code on March 10th.

The Prime Minister added, when the Anti-Corruption Law comes into affect, those who have two nationalities, will be resigned from their positions because they are required to publicly declare about their own assets both in Cambodia and the other foreign country.

Deputy Prime Minister H.E. Sok An, Minister in charge of the Council of Ministers, said that the Anti-Corruption Law is legal to every person relating with corruption activities in Cambodia.

“Every person is legally with Anti-Corruption Law and the law is required all public individuals including government officials, opposition leader, and civil societies’ leaders to publicly announce about their own properties both in Cambodia and abroad especially those who have more nationalities,” he said.

H.E. Sok An stated that under the Anti-Corruption Law, all government leaders, parliamentarians, senators, and those where appointed by sub-decrees (Starting up from Department Directors or chiefs) and also including NGOs presidents and opposition party leaders are required to declare about their properties.

According to Anti-Corruption Law, the National Anticorruption Commission consisting of 11 members have chosen by the King, Senate, National Assembly and eight other government institutions. The commission will report directly to Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen who will be responsible for the government’s overall anti-corruption strategy.

H.E. Sok An said that he has also called for the establishment of a separate Anti-corruption Unit, operating under the Council of Ministers, which will be responsible for the day-to-day investigation of corruption and maintain a secret register of assets belonging to government officials, political party leaders and some members of civil society.

He added that the law will not be carried out until December 2011 because it will take time for the disseminations and educating the people about it before is completely exercised in Cambodia.

The Anti-Corruption Law has a total of 9 chapters and 57 articles. According to the Law, those who are involved in committing the corruption, will suffer from 7 days up to 15 years imprisonments and will also be fined from 1 million up to five millions riel.

To support the debate of Anti-corruption law, the UN country team in Cambodia issued a statement to welcome the consideration by the National Assembly of the long-awaited Anti-Corruption law.

“The UNCT has been actively supporting the enactment of this significant piece of legislation since 2004. The Anti-Corruption Law should undergo a transparent and participatory consultation process to ensure that it is consistent with international standards as required by the Constitution and contain sufficient safeguards to protect the rights and duties of Cambodian people who will be the ultimate beneficiaries of this law,” said UN statement.

The statement stated that given the high interest manifested for this law by many stakeholders, the UNCT hopes that it is not too late, and encourages the National Assembly to allow sufficient time for Parliamentarians, civil society, donors and the UN to study the law so that if and where deemed necessary, amendments may be proposed for consideration. The UNCT also hopes and encourages the National Assembly and the Senate to debate the law, with the possibility to amend the draft if and where considered relevant. It is in the interest of the legislative, and its positive contribution to the reconstruction effort, that this and future legislations are effectively debated both inside and outside parliament prior to adoption. ////

Friday, March 12, 2010

RCAF’s Football Team Won 4th Samdech Hun Sen Football Tournament

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

A total of 34 Cambodian football teams from companies and Non-Governmental Organizations in Phnom Penh, other cities and provinces have attended the “4th Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Football Cup 2010” from January 7th to March 7th in Cambodia.

The 4th tournament was organized by the Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC), and it was funded by KTC Company, KTH Company, Hello 015, 016 company and SCA, and also supported by Deputy Prime Minster Sok An, Honorary President of FFC and Phnom Penh Governor Kep Chuktema.

Through the hard competitions, the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) Team won the first place this year (2010), when Phnom Penh Crown’s Football Team won took second place, and Preah Khan Reach (Royal Sword Football) Team came in at third position, according to FFC official rankings.

General Sao Sokha, Chief of Military Police and President of the Football Federation of Cambodia, said “that it marked the fourth year as FFC has organized the Samdech Techo Hun Sen Football Cup in order to select the best football players and champion for 2010”.

The FFC President General Sao Sokha continued to say that the purpose of the competition was also to encourage the people to play football as well as understand and develop the football industry in Cambodia.

“It is the fourth year for FFC organized Samdech Techo Hun Sen Football Cup and we are very proud with these competitions. Through these four competitions we’ve noted that our Cambodian football players have been developing and improving a lot both their working experiences and techniques,” he told reporters after the handing over of the trophy for the 4th successive year of the Samdech Hun Sen Football Cup 2010 on March 7.

He added that the football team which won this year competition has shown lots of their hard work, patience and hard training for their competitions.

To promote the football industry in Cambodia, Sokha called on private and international companies to continue their supports for the future football competitions in Cambodia. He also encourages the people especially the youths and young people to play football so that they can improve their health in contributing to the development of sports, the development of human resources and the progress in the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Ouk Sethy Cheat, Director of the National Sport Training Center of Education of Youth and Sport and General Secretary of the Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC), said that as result of this year’s competitions, RCAF’s Football team won the event were rewarded 80-million riel; Phnom Penh Crown’s Football Team, that finished runners up were awarded with 40 million riel; and the Preah Khan Reach’s Team that finished in third place were awarded with 20 million riel.
The Director stated that the football teams which got a “Fair Play” of the competitions have also received a total of 5 million riel; football players who scored more goals successfully received an extra 1 million riel; the best goal keepers received 1 million riel also the best referee of the tournament received a total of 5 million riel. His added that the championship and prizes giving was held under the presidency of His Excellency Kep Chuktema, Advisor and High Representative of Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen, and Governor of the Municipality of Phnom Penh.

Thong Otdom, 23, football player of the RCAF’s Football Team, whose football team has won the football tournament of the 4th Samdech Hun Sen Football Cup 2010, said that he was happy that his team has won the first place of the competitions and received a total of 80 million riel. “I am very happy and it is the first time for my team to have won the championship. I think that this success will bring my football team’s credit and honor to the development of football industry in Cambodia. To maintain my team’s football championship as well as to prepare for future competition, I will continue to play my football and train hard,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly during a personal interview. // /


“I Want to be a Lawyer in the Future”

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

One of The University of Cambodia’s “Samdech Hun Sen-Handa National Scholarships 2007” students, Chea Mengsreng, 22 has interviewed with The Southeast Asia Weekly on March 11th, describing about his hard learning it takes to get a scholarship. Mengsreng was born in 1989 in Kor Commune, Prey Chhour district, in Kampong Cham province and has one sister. He is the oldest in his family. He is now studying the Law at The University of Cambodia (UC) and also the English Literature at the Institute of Foreign Language (IFL) in Phnom Penh.

Mengsreng’s parents are business people living in Phnom Penh. Mengsreng studied at the Bak Touk High School in Phnom Penh and he earned a Baccalaureate in 2007 before he passed the scholarship exams offered by The University of Cambodia in Phnom Penh in 2007.

“I am now studying very hard to complete my Bachelor Degree in Law with The University of Cambodia,” he said. “I hope that with my hard study and hard work, I will pass my Bachelor next year.”

He stated out that he decided to study his Law Major with UC because he wanted to be a future lawyer in Cambodia.

“I decided to apply and study as my major in Law at The University of Cambodia because at UC as I know there are many good lecturers and it has also got modern equipment, so It would great to study here,.

Mengsreng added that since he has been studying Law at UC, so far he has learned lots about laws, and other related skills such Computer Skills, English Literature, and many other majors. He can also read, write and speak English well.

“I am now happy as my general knowledge and understandings have been improved on after my studies at UC. I hope that my law skills will be even more improved on when completing my study with UC in the future. I also hope that with my hard study and hard work, I will become a lawyer in Cambodia in the future,” he said.

Mengsreang pointed out that to achieve his goal, he now studies very hard and reads many books related to his studies every day. Other research sources include the internet, foreign newspapers and magazines. He said when he completes his Bachelor’s Degree; his goal will be then to continue to apply for Master Degree in Law study at The University of Cambodia.

He added that besides his study with UC, he now is also studying in the third year of English Literature at the Institute of Foreign Langue.

Ngoun Chhay Leang, a UC student is also a personal friend of Chea mengsreng, praised about Mengsreng’s hard study and hard work. He said that Chea Mengsreng was a hard learner and was one of the most outstanding students in his class.

“I believe that with his hard study and hard work, he will realize his dreams and become a future lawyer in Cambodia. I wish him all the best of luck and success with his studies,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly. ////





National Radio To Promote Broadcasting Quality in Cities and Provinces

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

A total of 64 government officials who are the chief and deputy-chief’s of information departments from 24 cities and provinces, have attended a one-day workshop on “Strengthening Partnership between National Radio of Kampuchea (NRK) and Capital-Provincial Information Departments to Promote the Quality of Broadcasting” in Phnom Penh.

The workshop was organized by the National Radio of Kampuchea, which was funded by the World Bank, AusAid, and Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) in order to promote the quality of NRK’s officials capacity and their broadcasting throughout the country.

H.E. Khieu Kanharith, Minister of Information, said that “the workshop was very important because it has helped the ministry to improve and strengthening the NRK’s officers’ capacity as well as their quality of broadcasting so that they will able to produce the faster and interesting news and reports for broadcasting, for the people of Cambodia in the future”.

The workshop has also directed all capital and provincial NRK officials to learn about the ministry’s objective as well as NRK’s guidelines to improve and promote their working activities, sourcing the news and contexts for broadcasting with the National Radio of Kampuchea so that the people will be aware and know clearly about the important news, education, life skills, government’s polices and other useful information.

“I noted that so far our NRK’s officials have already been working very hard and well in providing the good information for broadcasting with our state radio program but it needed to be improved on, and developed and strengthened due to the development of the new technologies in Cambodia. Therefore, I suggest all of you to cooperate and strengthen your capacity and quality of reporting in broadcasting to educate our people in Cambodia,” he said.

The Minister recommended all chiefs and deputy chiefs of the information departments to produce their reportages or broadcasting in accordance with government’s policies and good governance in contributing to the sustainable development, peace, security, political stability, public orders, and pluralism democracy in Cambodia. He also distributed 40 computers and other materials to all 24 capital-provincial information departments so that they can use them for their working activities in producing and broadcasting for their listeners in the future. ///

Academy of ICT, Essential for Government Leaders is Launched

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Cambodian human resource capacity, in the use of information and communication technology (ICT) for socio-economic development is set to make a great stride with the launch of a United Nations ICT capacity building program in Cambodia.

Over 50 high-level appointed officials from 27 Cambodia’s ministries, 10 ICT Training Institutions and 10 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have attended the First National Workshop of the “Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders” (Academy), a core developed by the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT/ESCAP) over four days at the Intercontinental Hotel in Phnom Penh from March 9th - 12th.

The first national workshop was co-organized by the National Information Communications Technology Development Authority (NiDA) and UN-APCICT-ESCAP aimed to promote the use of ICT for development in Cambodia. The workshop opening and signing ceremony of Partnership was Arranged by His Excellency Leewood Phu, Secretary General of NiDA, and Dr. Hyeun-Suk Rhee, Director of APCICT.

Noy Shoung, Deputy Secretary General in Charge of Human Capacity Building and FOSS of the National Information Communication Technology Development Authority (NiDA), said that the launching of the ceremony marked the first time NiDA and APCICT have organized this event in order to promote, as well as to develop the use of ICT for development in Cambodia. Noy Shoung continued to say that the main purpose of the workshop was to create awareness and enhance knowledge on ICT among the chief information officers, and senior-level officials of Ministry and agencies, representatives of international development agencies and the pool of resource persons in the area of ICTD affiliated with NiDA.

“ICT is very necessary for the Cambodian government leaders and senior officers in order to know that they can work better and faster for the ministries. So ICT human resource capacity is building a government’s key priority in equipping policymakers and project manages with the necessary ICT skills and knowledge to develop and deliver effective public services is the primary objective of the Academy,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly during a separate interview.

Shoung said that over 50 participants including senior government officials responsible for ICT and E-Government projects, officials from 27 government ministries including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the Ministry of Rural Development, and the Ministry of Women Affairs, as well as academics from numerous universities, and representatives from international development agencies based in Phnom Penh have to attended the event.

Relating to the use of ICT in Cambodia, Shoung said that so far, the Cambodian government has already established the E-Government System in all the government’s ministries and institutions in Cambodia. He added that the government is now connecting with the E-Government System in 10 cities and provinces and will be extending it to all 24 cities and provinces in the near future. It will also establish “ICT Information Center” for government’s officers in all villages, communities and districts in the future.

Dr. Hyeun-Suk Rhee, Director of The United Nations-Asian and Pacific Training Center for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT-ESCAP), said that Cambodian government has been very proactive to promote ICT for Development in recent years but there are still more a lot work needed to be done, in particular the government officers need to be understand the use of ICT.

“To promote the use of ICT for development, the government officials need to understand what kind of ICT’s are available and what kind of applications are also available and how ICT is moving in the right order develop them, that kind of understanding is important,” she said. “So through the Academy workshop we would like to testify to the government officers on this issue.”

The Director said that UN-APCICT is working in partnership with NiDA in providing the comprehensive curriculums for Cambodian government officials on the use of ICT for developments in Cambodia. She emphasized that UN-APCICT is a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), established with a membership identical to that of ESCAP and is located in Incheon, Republic of Korea. APCICT aims to strengthen the efforts of the existing member’s of the ESCAP to use ICT in their socio-economic and developing through building human and institutional capacities for ICT.

She stated that in order to fill major gaps and provide a valuable and up-dated contribution to the existing ICT development efforts by international, regional and national organizations in Asia-Pacific region, UN-APCICT-ESCAP has developed and launched a flagship initiative entitled “Academy of ICT Essentials for Governmental Leaders.

The Academy includes a comprehensive ICT for development (ICTD) curriculum and over a dozen partners which are working with APCICT-ESCAP to roll out the Academy at national level, she said, adding that there are currently eight modules with the following titles: The Linkage between ICT Applications and Meaningful Development; ICT for Development Policy, Process and Governance; E-Government Applications; ICT Trends for Governance Leaders; Internet Governance; Network and Information Security and Privacy; and Options for Funding of ICT Development.

She added that the Academy has been conceptualized, developed and implemented through a participatory and inclusive approach. At its conceptualization, over 20 countries participated in a comprehensive training and needs assessment. Moreover, the module for development the stage, over 60 government officers, academies, and ICT experts provided input. The academy is currently using all three languages-English, Bahasa Indonesia and Russian, and translating the Academy modules into other languages are underway.

Subsequent to the official launch of Academy in 2008 at the OECD Ministerial Meeting, APCICT has taken great strides in rolling out the Academy modules in different countries through partnerships with national governments and institutions, as well as sub-regional organizations. As of January 2010, the Academy has launched into 12 other countries such as Afghanistan, Cook Islands, Indonesia, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Philippines, Samoa, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Tonga and Tuvalu. ///




Government Disseminated the Penal Code

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Royal Government of Cambodia has officially disseminated the Penal Code which is the system of punishment of Cambodia in order to spread the information for people nationwide in Cambodia.

The National Conference on Dissemination of the Criminal Code was organized by the Ministry of Justice, and under the presidency of Samdech Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia on March 10th.

Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen said that “this Penal Code will replace the 1993 United Nations Transitional Authority of Cambodia’s (UNACT) provisional Penal Code which had been practiced over 15 years in Cambodia. He added that the Penal Code is very important because it is only legal tool which has been collected and comprising all legislations and laws to ensure the implementation of justice and rule of law in Cambodia”.

“I used to comment previously that when the new penal code is used, the Ant-Corruption Law will also be adopted. Therefore, now the draft of the anti-Corruption Law is already arrived at the National Assembly and if the National Assembly holds a full session in the morning and evening, the draft on Anti-Corruption Law will be also approved today, or at the latest tomorrow,” he said during opening remarks delivered to disseminations of the Penal Code on March 10th in Phnom Penh.

The Prime Minister Hun Sen said that this new penal code will become in important legislative tool in which it is not only helping the court officers as well as judges, lawyers and prosecutors to have a plenty of legislative documents in fulfilling their duties but also to allow general people to seek and know about the limit of the law and their rights and responsibilities especially about what they should do or should not do in order to avoid from having the punishments or crimes.

He has called the court officials, judges, prosecutors and lawyers to take their effort to study about this new penal code in order that they will able to work to fulfil their duties very well in order to provide justice for the people in Cambodia.

Ang Vongwathana, Minister of Justice, said that over 15 years, due to the shortage of the penal code, the government has used a UNTAC’s provisional Penal Code to carry out its duties in finding the justice and establishing a rule of law in Cambodia.

The Minister Vongwathana continued to say that however, after the establishment of this new penal code, the UNTAC’s provisional penal code will be expired and this new penal code now will be becoming into effect in Cambodia. He pointed out that the new penal code of the Kingdom of Cambodia was passed by the National Assembly on October 12th, 2009 and was also adopted by the Senate on November 17th, 2009. It was also declared to officially use on November 30th nationwide in Cambodia.

He added that with cooperation and technical assistance from French government, the Cambodian government has spent over 10 years to draft and produce this new penal code .

According to Minister Vongwathana, the new penal code comprises of a total of 40 articles and most of the articles have also mentioned about corruptions, crimes and their punishments. ///