Tuesday, July 13, 2010

The Ho Chi Minh City Expo 2010 to be held in Phnom Penh

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The “Ho Chi Minh City Expo 2010” under the theme “Vietnamese Product-More Choices-Much Trusted” will be organized for five days from the 15th to 19th of July at the Kohl Pich Diamond Exhibition Center in Phnom Penh.

The event is jointly organized by the Ho Chi Minh City Investment and Trade Promotion Centre, the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Culture Sports and Tourism, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, and the Vietnamese Embassy and Vietnamese Commerce Affairs, in collaboration with the Ministry of Commerce of the Kingdom of Cambodia.

There are more than 250 Vietnamese companies and 300 exhibition booths which will attended the “Ho Chi Minh City Expo 2010” in Phnom Penh in order to sell their products for people and to promote Vietnamese products and investments in Cambodia.

Mr. Tu Minh Thien, Chief of the Organization Boards of the “Ho Chi Minh City Expo 2010”, said that it marked the 14th year as the Ho Chi Minh City Investment and Trade Promotion Centre, the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Culture Sports and Tourism, Ministry of Commerce and Industry of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, and Vietnamese Embassy and Vietnamese Commercial Affairs will organize the Vietnamese Trade Expo in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

The main purpose of the event is to introduce Vietnamese products as well as to sell Vietnamese products to the people in Cambodia, he said, adding that the event also aimed to promote solidarity, friendship, business cooperation, Vietnamese investments and its trade and business activities between the two neighbouring countries.

“We are very proud to organize the Vietnamese trade fairs in Cambodia, aiming to introduce and exhibit our Vietnamese products for Cambodians. We hope that through this event we will able promote our Vietnamese products and trades as well as to strengthen cooperation, solidarity and friendship between Cambodia in the future,” he told reporters during a press conference at the NagaWorld hotel in Phnom Penh on July 7th.

Currently there are about 150 Vietnamese companies have been operating in the Cambodia, he said, adding that most of the Vietnamese businesses were invested on agriculture, health, technical affairs, electricity, and rubber plantation.

Mr. Tu Minh Thien said that there are about 2,000 items including household appliances, food, garment, textiles and leather, arts and handcrafts, chemical and cosmetics, construction materials, stationery and cultural products, pharmaceutical, and agricultural products in the Vietnamese trade exhibition.

There are workshops on investment and tourism, medical checks for poor people, concerts, and Caravan program in the event, he said.

Mr. Nguiyen Bao Anh, Deputy Manager Vision of Vietnamese Tourism Promotion, said that this year’s Vietnamese trade event will mark the first time it will be organized and take place at the Diamond Island (Koh Pich) which is the best business centre in the heart of Phnom Penh.

Through the event of the Ho Chi Minh City Expo 2010, Cambodian and Vietnamese business people will have opportunity to meet and convey with each other in order to discuss directly about their trades, businesses and export and import between the two countries in the future, he said, adding that they will become a bride in connection to encourage and improve the trades, investments and tourism of the two countries in the future through these trade fairs.

In the first five months this year, Vietnam putted capital investment of US$ 590 millions in Cambodia while Cambodia invested over US$ 120 million in Vietnam, he said, adding that according to Vietnamese government’s plan, Vietnam plans to reach a US$ 2 billion bilateral trade target this year.
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Mao Thora, Secretary of State for the Ministry of Commerce, said that the trade figures in 2006 have amounted to US$ 935 million and the number increased to US$1,193 million in 2007 with an increase of 27.5 percent. In 2008, the total export-import figures of the two countries have reached around US$1,640 million, an increase of 37.4 percent if compared to 2007, in which the imports from Vietnam to Cambodia worth US$1,430 million and the export from Cambodia to Vietnam worth about US$ 210 million.

He added that the trade figures in 2008 increased the amounted to nearly US$ 500 million which is a proud result for the two countries, obtained from good cooperation and joint efforts under the wise leadership of the head of government of the two countries to promote bilateral trade cooperation, in achieving the total trade figure goal of US$ 2,000 million by 2010.


Cambodia Marked the “2nd Anniversary of Preah Vihear Temple”


BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

More than 600 people including Cambodian troops, government officials, Buddhist monks, nuns, laymen and villagers have gathered on the 7th of July at Preah Vihear Temple in Preah Vihear province to mark the “2nd Anniversary of Preah Vihear Temple” when it was officially included into the World Heritage’s List in 2008, by the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

The celebration of the “2nd Anniversary of Preah Vihear Temple” was organized by the Preah Vihear Authority, the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts and Preah Viherar Provincial Authority.
H.E. Chuch Phoeung, Secretary of State for the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts, said that the event marked the second year as Cambodia has organized the 2nd Anniversary of Preah Vihear Temple. He stated that the event aimed to mark and remember the date and the inclusion of Preah Vihear Temple into the World Heritage’s List by UNESCO in 2009.

“Preah Vihear Temple belongs to Cambodia and it is located inside the Khmer territory and it is now the World’s humanity property. Cambodian government appreciates and is thankful with the UNESCO for its hard work and putting the temple into the World Heritage’s List,” he said during his opening remarks of the celebration.

He said that Preah Vihear Temple was inserted by the World Heritage Committees into the world heritage on the 15th of July 2008 in Quebec, Canada, after it was officially requested by the Royal Government of Cambodia.

H.E. Phay Siphan, Spokesman and Secretary of State for the Council of Ministers, said that Wat Keo Sekha Kiri Svarak and Preah Vihear temple belonged to Cambodia, they are inside Khmer territories. He added that Thailand has encroached on land around the landmark Preah Vihear temple, in the northern part of Cambodia.

Preah Vihear Temple is situated at the Cambodian-Thai border top of the 625 meters high Preah Vihear mountain in Svay Chhrum village, Kantuot commune, Choam Ksan district, with 108 kilometers north of Tbaeng Meanchey, the capital of Preah Vihear province. The temple is 800 meters long and 400 meters width.

According to a Cambodian documents and history, the temple is one of the most striking to have been built during the 600-year-long Khmer empire. It was mainly built over a 100-150 year period during the reigns of the kings, King Suryavarman (1002-1050) and King Suryavarman II (1113-1150). Its main architectural features are Khmer in origin but signs of earlier influences particularly the Bantery Srei style is noticeable in the earlier buildings.

The Preah Vihear temple includes some superb carved friezes one is of particular interest as it shows King Suryavarman II going about his devotions and presenting gifts of white parasols, gold bowls and elephants to his spiritual leader. This carved frieze is just one example of the outstanding carvings to be found at the temple. /

Rural Youth and Based Development for Cambodian Journalists

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Cambodian Centre for Study and Development in Agriculture (CEDAC) has conducted a workshop on “Rural Youth and Based Development” in Agriculture for media groups for two days from July 3rd-4th in Preah Sihanbouk province. The workshop was sponsored by the Friedrich-Naumann Foundation for Liberty (FNF).

The workshop on “Rural Youth and Based Development” is aimed to encourage and promote the youths, especially the students who dropped out or abandoned their studies to turn to agricultural skills professionals so that they can become a future professional farmer or young agro-entrepreneurs in the Kingdom of Cambodia.

More than 50 Cambodian journalists from newspapers, radio and television and farmers have attended the workshop.

Dr. Yang Saing Koma, CEDAC’s President, said that the youths are the strength and main human resources in the rural based development and the country development.

Currently many Cambodian youths and students had dropped out of school or they have just finished secondary schools and were jobless or could not find proper jobs to do in supporting their families, he said, adding that this issue has created trouble and burdens for Cambodian government as well as their families.

“We are now very concerned about our youths who are the country’s strengths and future human resources in Cambodia,” he said. “We wanted the media groups to seek the importance of rural youths, their potentials and their realities, and know how CEDAC worked with them to promote the young agro-entrepreneurs in our country,” he added.

He stated that to promote the participation of rural youths in based development in agriculture, the media has an important role in writing articles related to agricultural topics and publishing in their newspapers, radios and televisions to reach the people and youths.

Dr. Yang Saing Koma said that his organization began its training of agro-entrepreneurs and rural development professionals skills for youths in 2006 and so far, over 500 Cambodian youths and students who have dropped out schools were trained by CEDAC.

Currently, the youth training program conducted in Takeo, Kampot, Pursat, Prey Veng, Svay Rieng, Kampong Speu, Kampong Chhnang, and Ratanakiri provinces.

To promote the young agro-entrepreneurs, rural youths, farmer organization leaders, community business cooperative leaders, and rural development professionals, CEDAC will continue to conduct more training and recruit more Cambodian poor rural youths and students who dropped out to attend CEDAC’s training program in the future, he said.

During the workshop, with the strong support from CEDAC and FNF, the journalists have also established “Press Saving Association of Cambodia” or “PSAC” in order to save their money for their future living-conditions and work in Cambodia.

CEDAC) is a national Cambodian not-for-profit NGO specializing in the field of ecological agriculture and rural development. The centre was created in August 1997 with initial support from the French NGO, GRET. In 2008, CEDAC has been developed into 3 Core Programs including the CEDAC Institute for Local Development (CILD). CILD was officially launched in August 2008 and aims to contribute to the development of a qualified human resource in the field of sustainable agriculture and rural development.

CEDAC’s main mission is to provide training services in ecological agriculture, community development and socially responsible enterprises; explore and develop appropriate innovations and technologies to support the development of local communities; facilitate a network to share and exchange knowledge and experiences in sustainable local development; and people, both youth and professionals who received training from CILD which will specialize and qualify as: agro-entrepreneurs; farmer Organization Leaders; community business cooperative leaders; rural development professionals; local development planners and local policy makers.

Social Counselling Skills for Key Community Representatives

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Salvation Centre Cambodia (SCC) which is a non-governmental organization has conducted the Social Counselling Skills training for three days from the 8th to 10th of July 2010 in Phnom Penh.

More than 30 SCC’s keys community representatives from Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Battambang provinces have attended the workshop, focussing and learning about how to counsel the people living with HIV/AIDS in Cambodia.

Mr. Prum Thoeun, Director of SCC, said that the workshop is to train their staff and key community representatives about Social Counselling Skills so that they can improve their skills to work with people living with HIV/AIDS in Cambodia in the future.

“This is the first time as SCC has organized the social counselling skills for our key staff and community representatives in Cambodia. The purpose of the workshop is to train our key community representatives about the skills of social counselling so that they can improve their working skills related to their counselling works in their communities in future,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly during an interview on July 8th.

Thoeun continued to say that the training included stress and cause of stress; stress as psychological disorders; mechanism to deal with stress and stress management; the differences between social counselling and HIV/AIDS counselling; counselling; and probing skills to explore people’s feeling; how to become effective counsellors and so on.

“We hope that through this training workshop our staff and key community representatives will learn about new skills relating to their counselling works and at the end of their training they will be able to work with their target group effectively in the future,” he said.

He pointed out that the Salvation Centre Cambodia was established in 1994 and its main program activities were to work in counselling the people especially the young who are affected with HIV/AIDS in Cambodia.

He said that since the establishment of Salvation Centre Cambodia in 1994 so far, a total of 1,000 children and other people who have been affected by HIV/AIDS were counselled by SCC staff and community representatives in Cambodia.

To continue the counselling work for people living with HIV/AIDS, his organization now is working hard and cooperating with the Ministry of Cults and Religion and other religious groups in counselling people affected by HIV/AIDS in Cambodia, he said.

Cambodia and Philippines to Promote Trade and Investment

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Royal Government of Cambodia and the Republic of Philippines are now working and cooperating on economic sector in order to promote trade and investments opportunities for the benefits of the two countries in the future.

The signing ceremony of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Trade and Investment Promotion between the Philippines-Cambodia Business Council of the Philippines Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Cambodian Chamber of Commerce was made by Oknha Kith Meng, President of the Cambodian Chamber of Commerce and General Jose P. Magno, Representative of Philippines-Business Council on July 9th in Phnom Penh.

Dr. Cham Prasidh, Senior Minister and Minister of Commerce, said that the diplomatic relations between Cambodia and the Republic of Philippines were established way back in 1957, and the bilateral relations have strengthened over the years through high-level visits between leaders of the two countries.

The trade volume between Cambodia and Philippines in 2008 was valued at US$ 7, 373,130 while Cambodia exported to Philippines at the valued 1,418, 351. For the period from January to November 2009, total trade volume Cambodia-Philippine were US$ 18, 373, 306 while Cambodia exported to Philippines at the value of USD 9, 023, 516 and Cambodia imported from Philippines were US$ 9, 349, 790, according to H.E. Cham Prasidh.

He said that Cambodia is one of the 49 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in the world, and has enjoyed trade preferences from the developed countries that allow goods produced in our country to be exported to their markets completely exempted from custom duties, a trade advantage that developing countries are not enjoying. Those markets which Cambodia enjoys trade preferences includes the European Union, Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Korea, India, China.

“In line with this advantage, I think that building connectivity between the Philippines and Cambodia in term of bilateral trade and direct investment from the Philippines will further develop the required synergies to promote a win-win solution for both countries. The Republic of Philippines is a strong trading partner with Cambodia among ASEAN member states. Therefore, the current investments, trade exchanges and further economic cooperation projects. Cambodia welcomes and looks forward to many such Philippines ventures in business opportunities in the coming years,” he said.

Cambodia is strategically located in Southeast Asia and it is also an important part of the Southern Greater Sub-region Economic Corridor, and therefore is situated in a pivotal position, he said, adding that the prospects for the sustainable growth of Cambodia are due to twelve significant sectors including: macro-economic stability; sound, transparent and predicable legal framework, access to key markets through trade preferences in term of MFN/GSP; pro-business government; competitive investment incentives; one-stop-service investment promotion agency; investment protection, efficient infrastructure and strategic location; sound financial sector; abundant resources, labor, land.

“Cambodia government provides many incentives for investments, which have made it, and are an attractive destination for not only the ASEAN countries, but also countries from other parts of the world,” he said. “Since Cambodia is in the centre of ASEAN, manufacturers it also have the advantage of accessing 310 million consumers in the GMS region and 560 million consumers in ASEAN. It is hoped that with steady improvement in the connectivity in the GMS region, trade will flourish at a very fast rate,” he added.

He emphasized that the Cambodian private sector contributes 90 percent of employment in Cambodia. The agriculture sector has the largest share, comprising 70 percent of total employment, followed by the service sector with 15 percent and the industrial sector with 8 percent. On the other hand, the agricultural sector account for only 35 percent of GDP, while the service sector and the industrial sectors account for 35 percent and 20 percent, respectively.
“Cambodia is also one of the beneficiaries of the Generalized Systems of the Preferences (GSP) Schemes operated by developed countries,” he said. “Under this Scheme, important tariffs on many products from Cambodia are exempted or reduced if requirements such as rules of origin are fulfilled.”

Both Cambodia and Philippines share many commonalities in their economic pattern, and experience sharing can be of a great benefit for both our countries.

“I am confident that Cambodia-Philippines business and commercial engagements can be a win-win situation for both our countries. Philippines investors and businessmen should take this opportunity to explore business opportunities in Cambodia,” he said. “I am delighted to witness today the signing of a MoU between the Cambodia Chamber of Commerce and Industry.”
The First Philippine Trade and Investment was held from 9th to 10th July at the Hotel Inter-Continental in Phnom Penh. The event was organized by the Embassy of the Republic of the Philippine jointly with Philippines-Cambodia Business Council, the RFM Corporate Export Division.

Roberto De Venecia, Vice Chairman of the Philippines-Cambodia Council in Philippines Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said that the event has two main component activities. The first is a trade and product exhibition by more than 20 Philippine companies. The second is an investment mission by Philippine companies exploring investment opportunities in Cambodia.

He continued to say that the trade and product exhibition has displayed products such as processed food including canned food and beverages, beer, wine, health care, personal care, and beauty products. Other products on display are traditional Philippines fabric and portable videoke (karaoke) equipment. He added that the event provides the general public with the opportunity to view, taste, or sample the featured products, which are high quality leading brands in the Philippines. It is also a trade and business opportunity to importers, distributors, and the wholesale buyers in Cambodia looking for traditional products or products lines.

Cambodia Prepares Multi National Military Training Exercise

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Royal Government of Cambodia will host the first Multi National Military Training Exercise under the Scheme “Angkor Sentinel 2010” on the 17th of July 2010 at the ACO Military Training Centre in Kampong Speu province.

Twenty-six countries will attend the military training exercise including Cambodia, China, France, Korea, Nepal, Japan, Indonesia, Canada, New Zealand, Philippines, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Germany, Mongolia, Tonga, Australia, Singapore, Russia, Brunei, India, Laos, Thailand, Italy, Switzerland, Chilli, and the United States of America.

General Chhum Socheat, Spokesman for the Ministry of National Defence, said that the event marks the first time on Multi National Military Training Exercise under the Scheme “Angkor Sentinel 2010” with the participation of about 30 countries in Cambodia.

The multi nation military training is organized by the Ministry of National Defence with financial support by the United Nations (UN), aiming to exchange military skills and strengthen good cooperation, solidarity and friendships among military soldiers and officers in the region and the world, he said, adding that the event will take place from the 17th to 31st of July 2010 at the ACO Military Training Centre in Phnom Srouch district, Kampong Speu.

“The Royal Government of Cambodia is very proud and has the great pleasure and honour of hosting the Military Training Exercise in Cambodia. The Purpose of the event is to promote and strengthen good cooperation, solidarity, and friendship among all the participated countries,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly during a telephone interview.

General Chhum Socheat pointed out the event have shown the progress, development, peace and political stability which were generated and provided by the Royal Government under the wisdom and clear leadership of Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen. He said the event has also marked on the development and qualification of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces troops for their contributions and participations to the UN Peacekeeping work in the world.

The military training is divided into three sessions in which the first training session is the shooting exercise which will take place at ACO Military Centre; second session is taken place at the 3rd Military Headquarter; and the third training session is the training exercise on methods of rescuing people and how to construct schools or hospitals for the people. ///



Trafficked Cambodian Migrant Workers Returned Home

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Eight Cambodian migrant workers who were trafficked to India from Thailand’s gulf have arrived at the Phnom Penh International Airport on July 6th after six months in an Indian detention centre.

The eight Cambodian workers reportedly left Cambodia last September to find jobs in Thailand, having struck a deal with a broker who promised them fake Thai visas, passage across the border and construction work, according to the victims and competent authorities.

Kim Sovanna, Deputy Director of the Legal Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, said that the eight people are among many victims of human trafficking that has become a growing problem for Cambodians seeking work abroad.

He stated that the trafficked men would remain under the jurisdiction of the International Organisation for Migration for the time being and did not know when they would be able to return to their families.

“I think that these men are lucky because they are able to come back home. The Royal Government of Cambodia and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) worked very hard to get them back safely,” he told reporters at the Phnom Penh International Airport.

He added that the Royal Government of Cambodia especially the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation in coloration with IOM, NGOs and Indian Embassy to Cambodia have been working hard to get these men back from India.

Colonel Say Meng Chheang, Deputy Director of the Anti-Human Trafficking and Juvenile Protection Bureau in the Ministry of Interior, said that the broker had offered Thai visas to eight men to cross the border to Thailand. However, the workers ended up being locked on a boat for 28 days and sent to India. After the Indian authorities rescued the workers from the boat, they were detained in the facilities in India for six months.

The traffickers must be punished, and that Cambodians should be better educated about the dangers before going to work illegally abroad, he said, adding that the Anti-Human Trafficking and Juvenile Protection Bureau will take legal action to investigate and bring the brokers and involved people to justice relating this case.

“We are now very concerned about our people who live in rural and remote areas because they do not know enough about the trafficking problems,” he said. “They find it easy to believe in these brokers and end up getting cheated,” he added.

Colonel Say Meng Chheang continued to say that to combat this problem for all Cambodians should be better educated on the dangers migrant workers face in the future.

Nuon Narin, 21, a trafficked worker from Banteay Meanchey province, said that he and his friends were cheated by a broker in promising and offering them the construction work in Thailand in 2009. He said that when he arrived in Thailand he then was sent to work in a boat in part of Thai’s sea and later he was bought to another foreign boat in the India’s gulf.

“I was cheated and I was also kept on the boat in Thailand for 28 days before I was brought illegally to India,” he told The Southeast Asia Weekly during an interview.

He said that the men didn’t realise as they had been cheated until a Thai man on boat told them what was happening. The next day, he said, the man was killed.

“I think that I am lucky as I have been rescued and protected by the government and IOM to return home,” he said. “We thank the Royal Government of Cambodia, IOM and other related competent authorities for their help and protection of all of us.”

Song Pheakdey, another Cambodian worker who has just rescued from human trafficking in India, said that he and his group were held captive until the ship docked in India, where they were discovered and arrested by Indian authorities. He added that after being held for six months, they were finally allowed to return home.

“I am very happy to return home after such a dangerous ordeal. I want to give a message to all Cambodians: Don’t go to work in Thailand or another country illegally, and do not believe it if someone promises to find a job for you. We could be died there,” he said. //

CABA Organizes International Kick-Boxing Tournament

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Cambodian Amateur Boxing Association (CABA) in cooperation with the Bayon Television and Radio Station has scheduled to organize the “Cambodian-French International Kbach Kun Boran Khmer Championship” on the 11th of July.

Twelve selected boxers including six Cambodian boxers including one female fighter and other five French boxers including one female will compete on Sunday July 11th, 2010 at the Bayon Television and Radio Station’s boxing arena in Phnom Penh in order to compete and to become the Bayon Television Boxing Championship.

The participated international fighters included: Oth Phouthorng, weighs 67 kilograms from RCAF’s Boxing Association competing with Abotsi Jerome, 67 kilogram, from France; Yuk Yeakil, 69 kilograms, from Poi Pet Boxing Club, competes with Khdoja Adil, 69 kilograms, from France; Chan Ratana, 69 kilograms, from Khmerak Cla Hors (Fly Tiger) Boxing Association competes with Chaige Ludovie, 69 kilograms, from France; Miss Ny Samnang from Ponleu Samaky Khet Boxing Club in Battambang, competes with Chaline Margeaux from France; Prek Borin from Niroth Meanchey Boxing Club competes with Gref Adrien from France; and Phon Phanna from Koh Kong’s Boxing Association competes with French boxer Denis Brian.

General Taem Moeurn, President of the Cambodian Amateur Boxing Association, said that it marked the first time as CABA and Bayon Television Station will organize the “Cambodian-French International Kbach Kun Khmer Championship” in Phnom Penh.

The purpose of the international boxing is to exchange experience fighting between Cambodian and French fighters in order to promote and preserve the Khmer traditional boxing “Kbach Kun Boran Khmer” for the next generations in Cambodia and in the world. The event also aimed to spread out “Kbach Kun Boran Khmer” to other countries in region as well as in the world in order to show the rich value of Khmer culture, traditions and traditional boxing.

“The Kingdom of Cambodia is the owner of the “Kbach Kun Boran Khmer” and because of the long civil wars we had no chance to develop our ancient Khmer traditional boxers. Thus, I think that through this event we will be able to spread out and promote our Khmer boxing to other countries across the word,” he told reporters at a press conference on July 8th.

He pointed out that currently, due to the progress and the development made by the Royal Government of Cambodia and the CABA’s hard work as well as with strong support from Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MoEYS), Kback Kun Boran Khmer has been strongly developing and reserved for the next generations in Cambodia and in the world.

Nowadays Cambodia has many excellent boxers with different types of national boxing champions, and they have experienced and qualified to compete with foreign boxers, he said, adding that so far, many Cambodian boxers won the world title boxing-championships. They are the heavy weight fighter such as E Phouthorng, Vorn Viva, Oth Pouthorng, and Meas Chantha.

He continued to say that to develop and promote Kbach Kun Boran Khmer, CABA will continue to organize more national and international boxing competitions in Cambodia as well as sending Cambodian boxers to attend the competition abroad.

Neang Sivutha, Bayon TV’s Boxing Organizing Program Manager, said that those who will win the international fighting will receive the Bayon TV Boxing Championship, along with valued prizes and money. The Championship and prizes are generously provided by Bayon TV and Radio Station.

Regarding the entry, he said that the ticket is 5,000 riel for both national and foreign people. The ticket is available at the Bayon TV and Radio Station.

Monday, July 5, 2010

CPP Marked the 59th Anniversary of Party Foundation

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Cambodian People’s Party (CPP), has marked the 59th Anniversary of the CPP founding on June 29th in Phnom Penh. About 10,000 supporters who are high-ranking government officials, Buddhist monks, students and teachers attended the celebration.

The historical event was presided over by Samdech Chea Sim, CPP’s President and President of the Senate; Samdech Heng Samrin, CPP’s Honorary President and President of the National Assembly, Embassy officials in Cambodia. Samdech Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia, and Vice-President of CPP did not attend the 59th Anniversary Celebration because of his health problems.
Samdech Chea Sim said that in the past 59 years the Cambodian People’s Party kept its own identity as the party, which was created by the Cambodian people and worked for the Cambodians and, moreover, it led the national liberation movement to strongly fight against the French colonial administration and also contributed comprehensively to the common victory of the struggle for gaining back the national independence in 1953.
The party traces its origins to the formation of the communist Khmer People’s Revolutionary Party in June 1951, four months after the Indochinese Communist Party was dissolved and replaced by parties for the Vietnamese, Khmer and Lao communist movements.

“We celebrate this event in the spirit to offer deepest respect and gratitude to patriots of all generations, including a great number of cadres and soldiers who had fought with braveness and sacrificed their lives in all stages for the nation,” he said during his opening remarks at the celebration of the 59th Anniversary of the CPP.
He added: “While we are doing all, we can achieve our common goal, there are a number of biased outsiders who always are seeking all means in order to get rid of the CPP. So the CPP tried both to respond to our national demand and to strengthen our own party and to fight against the outsiders attacks, but what is the most important thing now is that we dare to look at the facts and to accept the facts, and to enlarge our advantages in order to improve insufficient points and adhere to our constantly cautious position.”
The CPP deserved credit for triumphs over French colonialism as well as attempts by the United States of America to draw Cambodia into the war in neighbouring country Vietnam, he said, adding that for the past 59 years, the CPP adheres strictly to its nature of being a party that is of the people, and for the people. The CPP deserved credit for triumphs over French colonialism as well as attempts by the United States of America to draw Cambodia into the war in neighbouring Vietnam.

He also encouraged the party’s officials to continue strengthening the “internal solidarity and unity” and to “attain further successes in the construction and defence of the motherland within the spirit of self-reliance”.

“The CPP strongly supports the Royal Government of Cambodia’s policies and measures in continuing to fight against corruption, forestry and fisheries offences, putting a stop to anarchic grabbing of state land, while maintaining sustainable environment and natural resources exploitation with conscience and responsibility,” he said.

He stated that CPP condemns resolutely circles that campaign distorted facts against the royal government’s efforts, while placing hindrance and destroying the process which are tantamount to heinous crimes against the national interest. He also praised the work of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal and said the party disapproved of attempts to use the court for ill-intent purpose that would have impacts on peace, stability and national reconciliation that the Cambodian people have attained with greatest difficulties.

Relating to the CPP’s the future Prime Minister Candidacy, Samdech Chea Sim has announced in public that CPP will continue to support Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s candidacy to the premiership in the upcoming mandates. He added that CPP will also continue to support the Cambodian government in its resolution on border issues and in the planting of border posts with Vietnam and Laos until the end. /

Government Urges Companies to Pump Oil in 2012

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

H.E. Dr. Sok An, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Council of Ministers and also Chairman of the Cambodian National Petroleum Authority (CNPA), said that the Royal Government of Cambodia plans to pump oil in Sihanoukville’s offshore areas in 2012.

The Deputy Prime Minister continued to say that according to the Cambodian government’s plan, the Government will start pumping oil for the first time in December 2012 as it looks to tap the potential of its offshore reserves in Cambodia.

“The Royal Government of Cambodia will begin pumping oil in Preah Sihanouk province in December 2012. The first drop of oil production would start in two years,” he said at a meeting with CNPA on June 21st in Phnom Penh.

So far, there over 20 oil companies that has signed the agreements with Cambodian governments researching the drill for oil, minerals, gas and petroleum in Cambodia’s offshore areas. These foreign oil companies included: Total Company, Chevron Company, Mitsui Oil Exploration Company, and Petro-Vietnam Company, according to H.E. Dr. Sok An.

In early June 2010, the Total Company has paid a total of US$ 28 million for the Royal Government of Cambodia to secure rights to drill for Cambodia’s offshore oil, he said.

Recently, Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen warned the oil companies in April 2010 that he would terminate its contract if the offshore fields had not begun pumping by late 2012. He said that it is estimated that there are hundreds of millions of barrels of crude and three times as much natural gas in Cambodia.

These potential natural resources are very potential for Cambodia because it will create revenues for the Royal Government of Cambodia and it would also be used to benefit the people in Cambodia, he said, adding that it remains unclear how much can actually be recovered and it was highly premature to estimate how much oil the undersea reserves might hold in Cambodia.

According to a Council of Ministers’ report, the Kingdom of Cambodia has many natural resources including minerals, gems, oils and gases. And the country was feted as Southeast Asia’s next petro-state after oil was discovered there in 2005, but production stalled amid apparent wrangling between the government and U.S energy giant Chevron over revenue sharing. //

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Dissemination of Community Based Avian Influenza Project

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Care International in Cambodia has conducted a media workshop on “Community Based Avian Influenza Project” on June 29th in Phnom Penh to disseminate about avian influenza project as well as to raise awareness about the danger and epidemics of the avian influenza for Cambodians.
About 40 of the electronic and print media organizations, newspapers, magazines, and radios, and farmers have invited and attended the media workshop on the “Community Based Avian Influenza Project” in Phnom Penh.
Sharon Wilkinson, Country Director of the Care International in Cambodia, said that the workshop provided information to the participants as they need to learn about the project.
She stated that the project has succeeded in integrating hygiene promotion and bio-secure poultry farming practices through demonstration farms with a community-based surveillance system comprised of the village surveillance teams.
“I hope that the lessons we have documented would help inform the future projects of our government partners and NGOs and allow them to continue with the successful components of the project and address the challenges that the pilot project faced during the last three years,” she said.
Sharon noted that although the VST model was initially developed for avian influenza, the training and capacity now available at the village level could very well be used in larger community health campaigns, disaster risk reduction, pandemic preparedness, and emergency response. She added that households that practice bio-security measures can achieve the twin objectives of protecting their families and poultry against avian influenza and enhancing their income and protein sources.
“Care International also would like to recommend that the future projects should include more women in training for the VST positions as they are in charge of many aspects of home-based human and animal health care,” she said. “Their inclusion will also help mitigate the problem of losing trained personnel due to urban migration for better income opportunities; Included budgetary support for coordination of the VST under the provincial Committee for Disaster Management; Provide incentives to encourage VST in their role by providing them ID Card’s for free health treatment, formal recognition of training and discounted health care at clinics,” she added.
Sharon stated that to the future projects should address sustainability of bio-secure poultry farms, Care recommendation that the livelihood and economic benefit benefits of bio-secure poultry farms are emphasized in future projects so that farmers will be motivated to practice bio-security measures. She added that any bio-security measures that are recommended must take into account the social-economic realities of those who will expect to implement it. Distinguishing between households for whom poultry is significant source of family income and households for whom poultry are an important, but low-input, low-output assets to be drawn upon in times of need is an important first step in developing better targeted interventions. /

The Local Development Outlook on Cambodia is Launched

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) in collaboration with the National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development (NCDD) Secretariat in the Ministry of Interior has organized the “Local Development Forum and Launched the Local Development Outlook on Cambodia” on July 1st in Phnom Penh.

The event was presided over by H.E. Sak Setha, Secretary of State for the Ministry of Interior and Head of the National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development (NCDD) Secretariat, Mr. Douglas Broderick, United Nations Resident Coordinator, Ms. Elena Tischenko, UNDP’s Country Director, and the senior government officials from national and sub-national levels, and representatives of UN agencies, Development Partners, academic institutions and civil society organizations.

The participants have discussed local development through different angles, including from the perspective of decentralization, development partners, the private sector, national and sub-national government, and an international perspective.

H.E. Sak Setha said that there is a need to combine improved local governance and local development. This is one of the key outcomes the government expects from the implementation of the National Program for Sub-National Democratic Development over the next 10-year period.

“Today we are gathering to address an important dimension of the vast D&D reform that is currently underway in Cambodia and that is Local Development. Today’s Forum is critically timed as we need partnerships in implementing the reform. The publication Local Development Outlook helps us to think strategically about these partnerships. But more so, how these partnerships can be the cornerstone to promote local development,” he said during his opening remarks at the launching ceremony.

He added: “As we prepare the first three-year Implementation Plan (called IP3) of the National Program, it appears clearly that the reform is an enormous challenge for all of us. It will require “a whole of government approach”: this means that several key sub-programs within the IP3 will be led by different Ministries and Agencies.”

He said that participation in the NP implementation will expand to other public and private entities. As the whole of government reform takes place; there will be a need for local communities, with their elected councils, to create lasting partnerships with the private sector, NGOs and civil society to promote local development.

“We have to keep in mind that for true “Sub-national Democratic Development” to evolve there will be a need to combine improved local governance and local development. This is one of the key outcomes we expect from the implementation of the National Program over the next 10-year period,” he said.


Mr. Douglas Broderick, United Nations Resident Coordinator, said that this Local Development Outlook on Cambodia is a comprehensive document to guide UNDP’s efforts in assisting in the development of Cambodia. It aimed at providing a tool to improve our understanding of why development and occurs in some places and not in others, and what can be done about it.

He stated that over the past decade Cambodia has made a lot of progresses in maintaining stability, implementing reforms, and realizing economic growth. But as a least developed country (LDC), it continues to face challenges.

“The Local Development Outlook we are launching today provided a comprehensive analysis of local development trends and a rigorous review of policy and governance arrangements,” he said. “We hope it will provide a valuable tool to assist the Royal Government of Cambodia in meeting the challenges and opportunities of its citizens. We, development partners, will continue to work with Cambodia towards achieving those objectives.”

He added that as noted in the recent UNDP report Beyond the Midpoint: Achieving the MDGs, progress and lack of progress toward achieving MDGs is often dependent on local circumstances. Local circumstances have influencing factors both negative and positive on the outcomes of development.
“This is what we call a ‘localized’ approach an approach which builds on local knowledge to provide more effectively the public goods as needed in different places and in a way that help policy makers to tap unexploited potential and opportunities for local economic diversification and development,” he said.
The Local Development Outlook includes country maps of areas of unexploited potential, he said, adding that this helps to visualize where such potential, such as historical sites, protected areas and mineral deposits, is concentrated, which in turn, will help shape strategies that can transform this into benefits for residents of these areas.
Elena Tischenko, UNDP Country Director, said the successful local development depends on the availability such data, as well as strong political will and commitment both from local governments and communities. Furthermore, it required enhancing local level capacities to handle data collection and analysis, planning and budget, as well as monitoring and response. In this way, these processes must become closely embedded in national and sub-national process.
“The UNDP stands committed to working with the government to move in this new direction. Finally, is also important that we view today’s event not as an isolated activity, but as one step in the process that will lead to sustainable local development that makes the Cambodia’s local potential and minimizes regional disparities,” she said. /

“I Want to Become Economic and Political Analyst”

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

One of The University of Cambodia’s “Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Vision-100 Scholarships 2008”, Nara Sokhema, 18, has provided an interview to The Southeast Asia Weekly on July 2nd, telling about her desire as she wants to become economic and political analyst in the future.

Nara Khema was born in 1991 in Phnom Penh. She has one old sister and she is the youngest in the family. She is now studying Economics at The University of Cambodia (UC) in Phnom Penh after she passed the scholarship exams with UC in Phnom Penh in 2008. She is also studying the International Studies Program (ISP) at the Institute of Foreign Languages.

“I am pleased to pass the UC’s exams and to have the opportunity to study Economics with The University of Cambodia in Phnom Penh. I think that I have been lucky to study Economics at UC which is one of the best qualified universities in Cambodia,” she told the Southeast Asia Weekly.

Sokhema studied at the Preah Sisowath High School in Phnom Penh, and she earned Baccalaureate before applying to study with UC in 2008. She chose Economics at UC following the introduction of the “Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Vision-100 Scholarships” in 2008.

“I decided to apply for scholarship and study Economics with UC because I know that UC is one of the best and most qualified universities in Cambodia,” she said. “On the other hand, I wanted to become an economic and political analyst in the future,” she added.

Sokhema stated that to complete her study with UC, she now is studying very hard every day. She reads books and other related topics, and also conducts her own research on business and economics. She added when she completes her Bachelor’s Degree, she will then apply for Master Degree to study with The University of Cambodia.

She is now also studying in the third year of the International Studies Program (ISP) at the Institute of Foreign Language (IFL) in Phnom Penh. She decided to study ISP major because she wishes to study the International Studies Program additionally to her Economics subject.

Besides studying with UC and IFL, she is now working as volunteer with three organizations in Phnom Penh. She is voluntary working as Vice-President of the Youth Professional Council in the Khmer Youth and Social Development (KYSD); Core Member of the Initiative of Changes Associations (ICA); and Public Relation Officer working with Sun Youth Camp Alumni (SYCA) in Cambodia.

She added that she decided to apply for voluntarily work with these humanitarian associations because she wants working experience and other skills to gain useful knowledge prior to her graduation.

“I am now happy because I have a good opportunity to choose my study majors with the qualified universities and also having an opportunity to work and helping our youths and social works in order to develop the country,” she said. /

Domestic Violence Against Cambodian Women Declined

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Royal Government of Cambodia has announced that the domestic violence against women has significantly declined. The announcement was made on June 29th in a new result of the “Violence Against Women: 2009 Follow-Up Survey”, surveyed by the Ministry of Women's Affairs in cooperation with development partners, showed that domestic violence against women declined from 64 percent in 2005 to 53 percent in 2009.

The Launching Ceremony of the “Violence Against Women: 2009 Follow-Up Survey” was presided over by H.E. Dr. Ing Kantha Phavi, Minister of Women’s Affairs with representatives from government agencies and development partners who attended.

The Minister said that the “Violence Against Women: 2009 Follow-Up Survey” was cooperated with development partners including the German GTZ, UNDP, UNFIPA, UNIFEM, and AusAID, aiming to inform on relevant changes in behaviors and attitudes related to domestic violence in particular in Cambodia.

The survey has recently completed a follow-up survey on attitudes and behavior related to violence against women among spouses and towards other families’ members in Cambodia, she added.

“This is the first time that the Ministry of Women’s Affairs and development partners have conducted the Follow-Up Survey of the Violence Against Women. This survey was made to inform relevant changes in behaviors and attitudes related to domestic violence in particular in Cambodia,” she told The Southeast Asia Weekly during an interview after the launching of the “Violence Against Women: 2009 Follow-Up Survey”.

The Minister stated that the result survey showed that the misconducts with such behavior declined to 53 percent in 2009 compared to 64 percent in 2005. She added that the result also showed that majority of Cambodians are aware of the new law on prevention of domestic violence, and more than 80 percent of women and 91 percent of men said domestic violence in all serious forms shall be avoided.

She emphasized that in 2005 the Royal Government of Cambodia adopted the Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence and the Protection of the Victims. In the same year, the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, with financial supports from development partners has conducted a baseline survey on violence against women to gain insight into attitudes towards, a well as occurrence of domestic violence in Cambodia.

“The five years of implementing the Domestic Violence Law and much awareness raising work, a follow-up survey has conducted to measure the achievements, and the survey shows that Domestic Violence Law is known within almost the entire population and is seen as a very helpful,” she said. “Furthermore, violence in the family is much less accepted in Cambodia society then back in 2005,” she added.

Mr. Heinrich-Jurgen Schilling, GTZ Country Director, said that domestic violence against women remains a major issue in Cambodia. He added that combating violence against women became a policy issue in Cambodia as early as in the 1990s. And it was a very important milestone for combating violence against women when children were included into the Cambodia Millennium Development Goals.

Ever since then, the achievement in this has been regularly measured in several surveys, to begin with the survey of the NGO-Project Against Domestic Violence in 1996, followed by representative surveys such as the Cambodian Demographic and health survey in 2000 and 2005 that specifically provided insights in the prevalence of domestic violence, he said.

“Since the “Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence and the Protection of the Victims” entered into force in 2005, a specific legal framework provided clear responsibilities and procedures for different government institutions that were in charge to prevent violence,” he said. “Consequently, this allowed for an event more specific assessment of the achievements, particularly trough the case monitoring by local authorities, the police and the courts.”

He pointed out that the baseline survey was conducted on a representative sample in 14 provinces in Cambodia and was, with its social focus on awareness, attitudes and behavior, by all means unique as compared to the international standards.

According to Mr. Heinrich-Jurgen Schilling, despite all efforts to combat violence against women until the year 2005, the key figures from the 2005 baseline survey were alarming: 64 percent of the Cambodian population knew a husband physically abused his wife; 22.5 percent of the female respondents has already suffered violence from their husbands at least once in their lifetime; 30 percent of men and 26 percent of women in the same said that violent acts by husbands towards their wives-acts that can cause death such as throwing acid, stabling or shooting-are sometimes acceptable; and although most women do no agree that “a wife should tolerate beatings to keep the family together”, of 55 percent of women agreed with at least one reason which justified a husband beating his wife.

He said that many women have been subjected to sexual and physical violence often committed by their husbands. Fear of retaliation and financial costs of bringing a case to court, or even in obtaining a medical certificate from a doctor to prove the abuse, also discourage many Cambodian women from speaking out. /

Sunday, July 4, 2010

“I Want to Become Economic and Political Analyst”

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

One of The University of Cambodia’s “Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Vision-100 Scholarships 2008”, Nara Sokhema, 18, has provided an interview to The Southeast Asia Weekly on July 2nd, telling about her desire as she wants to become economic and political analyst in the future.

Nara Khema was born in 1991 in Phnom Penh. She has one old sister and she is the youngest in the family. She is now studying Economics at The University of Cambodia (UC) in Phnom Penh after she passed the scholarship exams with UC in Phnom Penh in 2008. She is also studying the International Studies Program (ISP) at the Institute of Foreign Languages.

“I am pleased to pass the UC’s exams and to have the opportunity to study Economics with The University of Cambodia in Phnom Penh. I think that I have been lucky to study Economics at UC which is one of the best qualified universities in Cambodia,” she told the Southeast Asia Weekly.

Sokhema studied at the Preah Sisowath High School in Phnom Penh, and she earned Baccalaureate before applying to study with UC in 2008. She chose Economics at UC following the introduction of the “Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Vision-100 Scholarships” in 2008.

“I decided to apply for scholarship and study Economics with UC because I know that UC is one of the best and most qualified universities in Cambodia,” she said. “On the other hand, I wanted to become an economic and political analyst in the future,” she added.

Sokhema stated that to complete her study with UC, she now is studying very hard every day. She reads books and other related topics, and also conducts her own research on business and economics. She added when she completes her Bachelor’s Degree, she will then apply for Master Degree to study with The University of Cambodia.

She is now also studying in the third year of the International Studies Program (ISP) at the Institute of Foreign Language (IFL) in Phnom Penh. She decided to study ISP major because she wishes to study the International Studies Program additionally to her Economics subject.

Besides studying with UC and IFL, she is now working as volunteer with three organizations in Phnom Penh. She is voluntary working as Vice-President of the Youth Professional Council in the Khmer Youth and Social Development (KYSD); Core Member of the Initiative of Changes Associations (ICA); and Public Relation Officer working with Sun Youth Camp Alumni (SYCA) in Cambodia.

She added that she decided to apply for voluntarily work with these humanitarian associations because she wants working experience and other skills to gain useful knowledge prior to her graduation.

“I am now happy because I have a good opportunity to choose my study majors with the qualified universities and also having an opportunity to work and helping our youths and social works in order to develop the country,” she said.

Domestic Violence Against Cambodian Women Declined

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Royal Government of Cambodia has announced that the domestic violence against women has significantly declined. The announcement was made on June 29th in a new result of the “Violence Against Women: 2009 Follow-Up Survey”, surveyed by the Ministry of Women's Affairs in cooperation with development partners, showed that domestic violence against women declined from 64 percent in 2005 to 53 percent in 2009.

The Launching Ceremony of the “Violence Against Women: 2009 Follow-Up Survey” was presided over by H.E. Dr. Ing Kantha Phavi, Minister of Women’s Affairs with representatives from government agencies and development partners who attended.

The Minister said that the “Violence Against Women: 2009 Follow-Up Survey” was cooperated with development partners including the German GTZ, UNDP, UNFIPA, UNIFEM, and AusAID, aiming to inform on relevant changes in behaviors and attitudes related to domestic violence in particular in Cambodia.

The survey has recently completed a follow-up survey on attitudes and behavior related to violence against women among spouses and towards other families’ members in Cambodia, she added.

“This is the first time that the Ministry of Women’s Affairs and development partners have conducted the Follow-Up Survey of the Violence Against Women. This survey was made to inform relevant changes in behaviors and attitudes related to domestic violence in particular in Cambodia,” she told The Southeast Asia Weekly during an interview after the launching of the “Violence Against Women: 2009 Follow-Up Survey”.

The Minister stated that the result survey showed that the misconducts with such behavior declined to 53 percent in 2009 compared to 64 percent in 2005. She added that the result also showed that majority of Cambodians are aware of the new law on prevention of domestic violence, and more than 80 percent of women and 91 percent of men said domestic violence in all serious forms shall be avoided.

She emphasized that in 2005 the Royal Government of Cambodia adopted the Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence and the Protection of the Victims. In the same year, the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, with financial supports from development partners has conducted a baseline survey on violence against women to gain insight into attitudes towards, a well as occurrence of domestic violence in Cambodia.

“The five years of implementing the Domestic Violence Law and much awareness raising work, a follow-up survey has conducted to measure the achievements, and the survey shows that Domestic Violence Law is known within almost the entire population and is seen as a very helpful,” she said. “Furthermore, violence in the family is much less accepted in Cambodia society then back in 2005,” she added.

Mr. Heinrich-Jurgen Schilling, GTZ Country Director, said that domestic violence against women remains a major issue in Cambodia. He added that combating violence against women became a policy issue in Cambodia as early as in the 1990s. And it was a very important milestone for combating violence against women when children were included into the Cambodia Millennium Development Goals.

Ever since then, the achievement in this has been regularly measured in several surveys, to begin with the survey of the NGO-Project Against Domestic Violence in 1996, followed by representative surveys such as the Cambodian Demographic and health survey in 2000 and 2005 that specifically provided insights in the prevalence of domestic violence, he said.

“Since the “Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence and the Protection of the Victims” entered into force in 2005, a specific legal framework provided clear responsibilities and procedures for different government institutions that were in charge to prevent violence,” he said. “Consequently, this allowed for an event more specific assessment of the achievements, particularly trough the case monitoring by local authorities, the police and the courts.”

He pointed out that the baseline survey was conducted on a representative sample in 14 provinces in Cambodia and was, with its social focus on awareness, attitudes and behavior, by all means unique as compared to the international standards.

According to Mr. Heinrich-Jurgen Schilling, despite all efforts to combat violence against women until the year 2005, the key figures from the 2005 baseline survey were alarming: 64 percent of the Cambodian population knew a husband physically abused his wife; 22.5 percent of the female respondents has already suffered violence from their husbands at least once in their lifetime; 30 percent of men and 26 percent of women in the same said that violent acts by husbands towards their wives-acts that can cause death such as throwing acid, stabling or shooting-are sometimes acceptable; and although most women do no agree that “a wife should tolerate beatings to keep the family together”, of 55 percent of women agreed with at least one reason which justified a husband beating his wife.

He said that many women have been subjected to sexual and physical violence often committed by their husbands. Fear of retaliation and financial costs of bringing a case to court, or even in obtaining a medical certificate from a doctor to prove the abuse, also discourage many Cambodian women from speaking out. /

The 2010 Petanque Championship

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONKGEA

A total of 151 Petanque players including 139 male players and 12 female players from 24 Petanque Clubs and Associations have attended the “Sar Kheng Petanque Championship 2010” tournament on June 27th at the National Stadium in Phnom Penh.

The Petanque competition was organized by the Cambodia Petanque and Sport Boules Federation (CPSBF) and supported by Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng, Minister of Interior; Phnom Penh Governor Kep Chuktema, Anco pure water; FBT Company and CocaCola Company.

H.E. Nuth Sa An, Secretary of State in the Ministry of Interior and Honorary President of CPSBF, said that the event marked the 11th time the Federation has organized this “Sar Kheng Petanque Championship” tournament.

The objective of the competition is to develop and promote the Petanque in Cambodia as well as to prepare for the future Petanque competitions inside and outside Cambodia.

“As you know, Petenque is one of the Cambodia’s potential sports which have brought the gloriously victory and prestige from the world to the Kingdom of Cambodia. Thus, to prepare fore the future Petanque competitions this event will help promote and improve our Petenque players in preparation and attending the competitions in the future,” he said during the awards ceremony.

H.E. Nuth Sa An said that so far, Petanque has received a total of 114 medals including 6 gold medals; 13 silver medals, and other 95 bronze medals from SEA Games and international Petanque competitions. He added the Petanque is paid close attention and strongly supported by the Royal Government of Cambodia including both materialistic and spiritually support.

“On behalf of the Championship owner, I honestly praise all participants and athletes who have attended this competition and for their efforts,” he said. “I would like to encourage our people to enjoy the sport so that they can improve their health as well as to promote the sport in our country,” he added.

Mr. Em Heang, Deputy General Secretary of CPSBF, and Deputy Director of the National Olympic Committee of Cambodia, said that Petanque is a French sport and was introduced to Cambodia in French colony during 1950s. He stated that the Petanque currently has become one of the greatest and potential sports which have brought Cambodia’s reputation to the world’s recognition via its competitions and victory.

He added that for the 25th SEA Game competition in Laos in 2009, Petanque had also attended the competition and as result, it gained a total of 10 medals from the competition.

Regarding to the Sar Kheng Petanque tournament, Heang said that a total of 151 Petanque players from 24 clubs and association have attended this year’s Sar Kheng Petanque tournament. He emphasized that the competition has divided into 8 poles and 2 categories including male competition (36 teams) and female competitions (12 teams).

He added that as result, the Royal Cambodia Armed Forces’ (RCAF) Petanque team won the champion of the Sar Kheng Petanque Championship 2010 with US$ 400 prize while the Ministry of Interior’s club took the second place with US$ 250 prize and the Special Military Region’s team took the third place of the competition and 150 of award.



The Cambodian Festival for the U13’s Tournament

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

A total of 40 youth football teams with 880 players from cities and provinces across the country will attend the “Cambodia Festival U13 Tournament 2010”, starting from the 6th to the 14th of July 2010 at the National Football Center located at Cheng Meng village in the Kambol’s Military Police Training Center in the outskirt of Phnom Penh.

The U13 Tournament was organized by the Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC) and supported by a number of local and international sponsor companies in Cambodia.

Gen. Sao Sokha, Chief of the Military Police Headquarters and President of the Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC), said that it marked the first time as FFC will organize the “Cambodia Festival U13 Tournament 2010” in Phnom Penh.

The purpose of the U13 football tournament is to promote youth footballers, young football human resources, and select qualified youth football players in preparing for future national and international competitions in and outside the country.

“I think that this Tournament is very important because it will pave the way for Cambodia’s children and youths to enjoy playing football so that they can improve their health and will become qualified football players. New football human resources and they can also avoid taking drugs and other illegal activities in the country,” he told reporters at a press conference on June 28th in Phnom Penh.

The FFC’s President said that those football teams who win the U13 football tournament will be selected for the Football Federation of Cambodia. They will be supported and trained by FFC to prepare for the future national and international youth football competitions inside and outside the country.

“We hope that through this U13 football competition, we will be able to select the young football players and new football human resources for FFC so that we can train them to become the potential football players for preparation of attending the future football tournaments,” he said.

Regarding to the awards and prizes, Gen. Sao Sokha stated that the team who will win the football tournament 2010 will receive a U13 Trophy (no money), along with the books for learning and sport materials, the second and third places will also receive learning and sport materials. The wards and prizes are given by the FFC, he said.

May Tola, Deputy General of the FFC, said that the competition is divided into eight poles with 96 competitions. Each pole consists of five football teams. He stated that the entry is free for all people in Cambodia. He added that to promote children and young football players, the Football Federation of Cambodia will continue to organize the Cambodia Festival U13 Tournament every year and other football events in Cambodia.

Friday, July 2, 2010

“The Young Sopranos” Performed in a concert in Phnom Penh

BY BUTHG REAKSMEY KONGKEA

Mrs. Soprano KIM Myungsil, a veteran and experienced Korean music teacher has organized a Concert “The Young Sopranos” on June 25th. The Concert was performed at the Cambodia-Japan Cooperation Center (CJCC) in Phnom Penh in order to show about young soprano singers in Cambodia.
Teacher Myungsil received a diploma in vocal studies from Verdi Conservatory in Italy. She graduated from Reggio Calabria Academy (Italy). She won prizes at the Torino competition and performed as a soloist in several concerts in Bolzano, Trento, Milano, and Monza. Her repertoire includes Mozart, Donizetti, Bellini, Rossini’s opera and special opera buffa. Joining her husband, she has been living for over two years in Cambodia and she established Cantabile, a group of professional vocalists in Phnom Penh.
The Concert was performed by a 13-year-old Cambodian girl Bosba Panh, Miss OH Dabeen, 16 years old, Korea and LEE Seul, 21, Korea. The three young sopranos singing Italian opera and Khmer classics. There were also Italian songs and music, sang by Miss Han Saem Ee who is an experienced Korean singer; the Piano Accompanist Mrs. Ahn Hye Kyoung; and Mrs. Kim Da Hyun, a guest musician who lived in Cambodia.

Mrs. KIM Myungsil, Korean Music teacher and Organizer of the Concert “The Young Soprano”, said that it marks the first as she has prepared and organized this joint soprano concert in Cambodia.

“I am very pleased to organize the young soprano concert. The main purpose of the joint Cambodian and Korean soprano concert is to show about the great potential of Cambodian and Korean young singers, while they are young but they are really capable and have beautiful sounds in Cambodia. I hope that this will be a fascinating night with the young and beautiful sounds. May colors of the music culture shine new and bright in Cambodia,” she told The Southeast Asia Weekly during an interview.

She added that the three young soprano singers are her music students and they have been trained in Italian opera and Khmer classics for many months in Phnom Penh.

Relating to the entry, she said that the ticket is 10,000 riel (about $ 2.5) for one person. She added that at least 400 people have participated in her concert in Phnom Penh.

Bosba Panh, is a Khmer soprano. She has also attended the Concert “Young Soprano”. She was honored and happy to sing Italian opera and Khmer classics with Korean singers.

“This is my first time and I am happy to attend the young soprano concert organized by KIM Myungsil. I think that this concert will help improve my music and singing in the future,” she told The Southeast Asia Weekly.

Bosba Panh has been performing since the age of 8. Her latest concert, Our Mothers, took place in October 2009 at the Chaktomuk Hall and drawing double the capacity of the theater. She already released three CD albums, five single albums and two DVDs. She sings “Phleng Cheewit” or songs for life from Cambodia and an international repertoire. She plays piano, guitar and violin and has been trained by Khmer and international teachers from China, the Philippines and Japan.

Bosba Panh has been coached by Korean soprano Kim Myungsil for the past year to learn western classical music techniques. She is a student at the French Lycee Rene Descartes of Phnom Penh and has two brothers who are also artists.
Oh Dabeen, is 16 years old and she has received vocal lessons from soprano Kim Myungsil since 2006. She is a ninth grader at the French Lycee Rene Descartes of Phnom Penh. She is preparing herself to enter one of a best high school in Paris and to continue to study music at the Conservatoire de Paris.
Lee Seul, is 21 years old and has been studying music and singing for several years. She has been coached by soprano Kim Myungsil since early this year to prepare for music competitions. This October, she will enter the Conservatory of Music in Italy.


Workshop on Strengthening the Role of Macroeconomic Policies

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Ministry of Economy and Finance and UNESCAP have organized a high Level Workshop on “Strengthening the response to the global financial crisis in Asia-Pacific: the role of macroeconomic policies” for three days from the 22nd to 24th of June in Phnom Penh.

The main purpose of the joint workshop was to provide an opportunity for Cambodia’s high level officials, policy makers and experts to conduct a focused discussion of concrete policy options to address these and other challenges facing the country’s economy.

The key experts are the high level officials from key partner countries of Cambodia such as People’s Republic of China, Thailand, Vietnam, Republic of Korea, and India as well as experts from ESCAP, ADB, UNDP, IMF and the World Bank.

H.E. Keat Chhon, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance, said that the workshop is timely, and would greatly contribute to enhancing the capacity of Cambodian makers in coping with the future global financial and economic crisis and improving the resilience of Cambodia’s economy in the future crisis.

“As we already knew, the global financial and economic crisis has affected every economy in the world, and the globalization has brought benefits, but also exposed countries to new potential vulnerabilities,” he said. “Policymakers need to be alert and keep up to date about these knew sources of vulnerabilities. Thus, I would like to emphasize the need for a stronger national capacity to conduct economic and financial surveillance,” he noted during his opening remarks at the workshop.

The Deputy Prime Minister added that after the Asian financial crisis, Asian countries embarked on bank restructuring and structural reforms which contributed to strong economic growth and financial stability. However, 2009 was a turbulent time for Asian and the world as a whole. Even though Asia’s financial institutions have strong external positions, nonetheless Asia was hit by the Global financial crisis because of the collapse of international trade and capital flows.

The initial stage of the crisis, all countries in the region experienced capital outflows driven by de-leveraging, and liquidity of the banking system tightened and the credit market dried up, he said, adding that the crisis resulted in the collapse of the international trade. This in turn has had negative impact on the real economy, posing considerable risks on the financial system.

“As shown in the advanced economies, the sharp corrections in asset prices resulted in wealth destruction, while households and firms face greater difficulty in gaining access to credit, to create a vicious cycle of de-leveraging between the real economy and the financial sector,” he said. “As a result, the private spending by households and firms collapsed. In this regard, the global financial crisis has returned fiscal policy as a major macroeconomic tool,” he added.

Fiscal policy is providing important support to the economy through large stimulus packages to support domestic demands while public spending is critical to bolster aggregate demand and to limit the impact of the financial crisis on the real economy, it implies a significant deterioration in the fiscal accounts. Therefore, a large fiscal space and moderate public dept are important to maintain confidence in medium-term fiscal sustainability.

Presently, global financial conditions have improved, international investor confidence is recovering gradually, indicators of the future production and demand have firmed, consumers confidence is improving, the earlier declines in manufacturing and employment have begun to be reversed, and lending to the private sector has gained a positive momentum.

Relating to Cambodia’s policy response to the crisis, H.E. Keat Chhon said Cambodia is a small and open economy, with capital account liberation trade. Cambodian economy is highly dependent on a sustained international trade expansion and foreign capital inflow.

“More than 90 percent of the banking transactions are dollarized. It means that we can not use an interest rate policy to influence the economy. With free capital flow, foreign exchange intervention has been used to stabilize the exchange rate and to increase international reserve position,” he said. “Policy response coordination, through the committee for economic and financial policies, is a crucial in a dollarized economy, in which fiscal policy also plays a crucial role,” he added.

The Royal Government of Cambodia has acted counter-cyclically to boost domestic demand, with increased public expenditure towards improving social safety nets and providing retraining and alternative employment for vulnerable population segments, including those losing jobs in the affected export sector, he said, adding that with the normalization of activity and firming of prices, Cambodia has begun removing exceptional monetary and fiscal policy support.

H.E. Keat Chhon said that taking these developments into accounts the growth in Cambodia is projected to rebound to about 5 percent pf GDP in 2010. However, diversifying the economy and strengthening its competitiveness will be crucial for Cambodia’s future economic development. He added that the recent crisis has tested the effectiveness of the various macroeconomic policies in restoring economic and financial stability, and the need for more effective regulatory and supervision frameworks.

Mr. Douglas Broderick, United Nations Resident Coordinator, said that while economic growth shows signs of resumption this year, around 4 million people still live in poverty in Cambodia, and many more are near poor. Rural poor households, representing the majority of Cambodia’s population, are particularly vulnerable to the impact of economic shocks such as this and are also affected by inequality.

The Royal Government of Cambodia defined ways to address these challenges in its Rectangular Strategy Phase II and the Update of the National Strategic Development Plan that was recently passed by the Senate. An important achievement in this respect has also been the progress in strengthening social protection for the poorest and most vulnerable – implementation of systematic measures in this area would represent a further important milestone in lessening hardship and vulnerabilities for those most affected, he said.

He pointed out that the crisis highlighted a number of challenges for Cambodia. In particular: How to mitigate the impact of similar economic downturns on vulnerable groups; How to mobilize additional domestic financial resources; How to coordinate macroeconomic policies to make them most effective; How to enhance the country’s competitiveness and diversify in its economy; and What structural reforms need to be made to preserve sustainable economic growth in the future.

Last year UNDP commissioned a synthesis study, “Global Financial Crisis and the Asia-Pacific Region”, incorporating evidence and experiences from a number of countries in the region, he said, adding that the study revealed that the global crisis has indeed adversely affected developing Asia, and some countries have been especially badly hit. Unlike many other regions of the world, on the whole, developing Asia is showing evidence of the ‘recovery’ that appears to be faster and more pronounced in this region.

“As Cambodia regains its economic momentum, we need to work harder than ever to ensure these goals are reached. Over the past two years – as in many countries in the region and around the world – Cambodia has suffered significant job losses, particularly in the garment and construction sectors,” he said. “We have also seen a reduction in household income for many homes. We should not only be concerned about 30 percent of Cambodians who live in poverty – we must also consider those who live just above the poverty line. Poor and near poor households that suffered losses of income and savings as they struggled to get through the recent lean times will take them time to rebuild and recover.”

Role of Youth Development and Community Resource Conservation

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

About 140 people including students, youth volunteers, communities’ representatives and civil society representatives from involved government institutions and NGOs have attended the learning filed trip on “Role of Youth in Development and Community’s Resources Conservation” on June 16th in Banteay Prey fishery community in Andoung Thmor commune, Prey Nup district, Preah Sihanouk province.

The event was organized by the Cambodian Volunteers for Society (CVS) in collaboration with the Youth Resources Development Program (YRDP), Fishery Action Coalition Team (FACT), Administrative Fishery Office of Preah Sihanouk province, NGO Forum on Cambodia and Banteay Prey community in order to encourage the youths to be networked and involved in the developing work in Cambodia.

Mr. Pen Somony, Executive Director of CVS, said that the purpose of the event was to provide the opportunity for youths to learn about real practice in social work in local communities towards strengthening of social knowledge, critical thinking skills, efficiency analysis for building up their attitude through potential young activists to involve in local communities and society development in Cambodia in the future.

Youth’s participations are very important for community and society because they will aware people about the strengthening of community empower, fishery resources management and the use of effectiveness and sustainability for new generations, he said.

“I think that this activity is very important for our youths to learn about local community organizing process for resources protection and using in communities and especially mangrove resources which are important and invaluable for communities in the present and the future,” he said at the learning field trip.

Somony pointed out that youth participation have shown their commitments, their personal resource contribution and times with mangrove transplanting voluntary. On the other hand, they are aware about the importance of their participations for resources conservation in community which reflected about high responsibility of youths in environment protection and mangrove transplanting for providing habitat for diversity of marine resources, environmental protection and community livelihoods improvement in Cambodia.

He added that moreover, this activity will become a new model for youth community in the area and other areas to follow it and it also becomes new model action and sustainable activities, the protection of mangrove trees as well as other natural resources in Cambodia in the future.

Doung Sam Ath, Chief of Administrative Fishery Office in Preah Sihanouk province, said that mangrove transplanting is the main mechanism that youth volunteers have to network and to be involved and contribute their personal resources and energy in improving community livelihoods, environmental protection and understanding about community based natural resources management. He added that more importantly, mangrove was very important for addressing tourism as well as environmental protection, storm and all kinds of marine resources that the peoples and animal need for support of their daily livelihoods.

Vann No, Chief of Andoung Thmor Commune in Preah Sihanouk province, said that youth capacity building via field trip learning, focusing on the understanding about the benefit of mangrove, working skills and experience exchange with voluntary action for contribution to local community livelihoods improvement will help them to be aware about the natural resources preservation and mangrove transplanting at fishery community flooded forests protection in Cambodia. He added that these activities have shown the role of youth and rural communities in developing community’s resources conservation. It will also become a good new model for youths and local people to have their brainstorming and understanding their roles and participation in developing social development and environments protection in the future.

SBJ-Company Opening, “Than Tai Gold Bullion Boom”

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Sacombank Jewelry (SBJ)-Cambodian Company which is the only Vietnamese Jewelry and Bank Branch office in Phnom Penh has launched the “Than Tai Gold Bullion” circulation on 24th June 2010 in Phnom Penh to boom its gold and silver business and products in the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The official opening and launching ceremony was presented by Mr. Dang Van Thanh, Chairman Sacombank-SBJ Group/Vietnam, Mr. To Thanh Hoang, Chairman Sacombank-SBJ; Mr. Hoang Long Hoi, Chairman Sacombank-SBJ Cambodia; Mr. Pham Anh Tai, General Manager of the Sacombank-SBJ Cambodia Company; and H.E. Mok Sothearih, Cambodian government representative and personal advisor to the National Assembly President Samdech Heng Samrin.

Mr. Dang Van Thanh, Chairman Sacombank-SBJ Group/Vietnam, said that it marked the first time as the Vietnamese Sacombank-SBJ Group has established its business branch, SBJ-Cambodia Company, and to officially launch the Than Tai Gold Bullion in Cambodia. He added that the purpose of the event was to introduce about the Vietnamese company and its gold and silver products which are the best products by SBJ-Cambodia Company for people in Cambodia.

“We are very pleased to establish the SBJ-Cambodia company and to officially launch Than Tai Gold Bullion in Cambodia, and we hope that with the establishment of our branch company and gold products, SBJ-Cambodia Company will provide all products and services on the gold and silver such as buying, selling the Than Tai Bullion, classify gold, classify metal and gold processing, gold buying and other raw materials for people in Cambodia,” he told reporters at a press conference before starting the launching ceremony of the Than Tai Gold Bullion.

Mr. Dang Van Thanh pointed out that in economic history, gold has the special commodity that takes an important role in the economy and has always be considered as stockpile of individuals, families, organizations and a source of national reserve. The fluctuation of the gold market in recent years has attracted the attention of the general public, investors, organizations and financial institutions in Vietnam as well as other countries in the world.

He added that facing such a context, Sacombanck Group-one of the leading financial groups has forecast Vietnam’s gold market potential in Vietnam is still very large. And on 28th November 2008, the Sacombank Group (Sacombank-SBJ), member unit of the group was born and factoring business activities in all products and services in the history of jewelry.

Mr. Hoang Long Hoi, Chairman SBJ-Cambodia Company, said that SBJ-Cambodia was established in 2008 in Cambodia with a total of US$ 3 million of capital. He stated that with ambitions to become one of the Vietnam leaders in Jewelry and international expanding-SBJ are constantly developing the network activities.

“In the company’s strategic development, leadership Sacombank-SBJ Cambodia has realized Cambodia that the potential market, with plentiful miming of gold,” he said. “That’s why Sacombank-SBJ Cambodia chooses Cambodia such a first subsidiary to open the SBJ-Cambodia Company,” he said.

Mr. Hoang stated that through nearly half the year striving, determination to exceed many difficulties both objective and subjectivity since the State bank has accepted to set up with $US 3,000,000 initial capital on June 24th, 2010, company SBJ Jewelry Cambodia was officially opened with the witness of Cambodia state bank representative, government agencies, Sacombank leader board and the press and communication units.

Along with the opening, SBJ-Cambodia also officially launched the Than Tai Gold Bullion Trademark (SBJ), and the Gold Bullion products with Than Tai symbol look forward to bringing our customers wealth and prosperity, he said, adding that the Than Tai Gold Bullion is produced from raw materials gold 999.9 with the most Italian and German modern technology and mechanical systems, advanced equipment, to provide stable quality, sophisticated design, and have a nice look.

He emphasized that according to market research results show that the gold bullion product is rather strange Cambodian gold market by local people do not know the utility that this product offers. He added that that Than Tai Gold Bullion (SBJ) is made from pure gold 999.9 (fine Gold) with a variety of weight 1 teal, 5 maces, 2 maces and particular type 0.5 mace (subs) very convenient for storage, scale-purchase or gift. This can be considered as a breakthrough step of SBJ-Cambodia to dominate a new market segment with a lot of potential.

Man Engagement to Stop Violence Against Woman Project

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The People Health Development Association (PHD) and six partnership universities including The University of Cambodia; the Build Bright University; Putisastra University; Phnom Penh International University; Norton University; and the University for National Management have signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in order to cooperate and support the implementation of the “Man Engagement to Stop Violence Against Woman Project” in Cambodia.

The MOU was signed by the PHD’s President and six representatives of partner universities on June 25th in Phnom Penh.

Mr. Ou Ratanak, President of the People Health Development Association, said that the MOU is aimed to seek the close cooperation and supports from partner universities for implementation of the “Man Engagement to Stop Violence Against Woman Project” in Cambodia. He said the project will run for three years and will be implemented from 2010 to 2013.

“The PHD and partner CARE International under the financial support from UN-TRUST FUND are very happy to sign an MOU with six partner universities in Cambodia,” he said before the signing of the MOU.

The main objective of the agreement is to cooperate, support and join hands for implementation of the “Man Engagement to Stop Violence Against Woman Project” which will be implemented in these universities and other places in Cambodia.

He said that the “Man Engagement to Stop Violence Against Woman Project” aimed to raise awareness about domestic violence against women and children; gender equity, beer girls promoters, sexual health among students and youths in universities in Cambodia. It is also to reduce the domestic violence and poverty in Cambodia.

He added that the partner universities’ participations and support has contributed to the implementation of the project in educating students and youths about violent acts against women, children and girls, domestic violence, gender and women’s reproductive.

Mr. Ouk Sothira, Vice-Chairman of the Board of Directors of PHD, said that the women and girls are the back bond of the economy and national society. They are also the potential human resources in developing Cambodia. He stated that the participation of the partner universities has really contributed to the establishment of the young generation and human resources and women’s values in Cambodia.

“We hope that with the strong participations of partner universities and other involved NGOs and the government institutions we will be able to reduce the domestic violence and other violent acts against the women, girls and children and poverty in Cambodia in future,” he said. “We will also be able to promote the gender equity, prosperity, women’s health and their reproductive in Cambodia,” she added.

Ms. Sharon Wilkinson, Representative of CARE International, said that it is indeed the chance for all people, young and old, male and female to stand up and send the message that Cambodian society does not condone violence against women.

“When ever we think of the word “terrorist” we think of heavily armed masked men capable of random violence,” she said.

However there is sadly no escaping the statistics which show most terrorism and acts of random violence, take place in the home, in Australia alone there are an average of 14 women killed every year by their husbands-the very people whom they should feel most safe with, she said, adding that in Cambodia 63 percent of all women report witnessing or being the subject of domestic violence.

“PHD is actively involved in putting an end to violence suffered by women-PHD is actively involving young men-who while they have been the recipients of good education at tertiary level-still perpetrate violence against women,” she said.

She continued to say that PHD and organizations such as CARE and now universities combine their energies and urge men across the country to speak out against violence against men. She mentioned that violent crimes committed against women and girls-crimes such as domestic violence, sexual assault and people trafficking-continue to be pervasive in Cambodia and around the world.

Violence against women and girls affects everyone in the community. Men’s lives are personally affected if their girlfriends, wives, daughters, mothers, grandmothers or sisters experience violence or the threat of violence, she said, adding that men and boys in particular, but also youth in general, have a crucial role in helping reduce violence in the lives of women. Harmful attitudes and beliefs in community are also a very important part of the problem, and tackling these will assist in building a community that is safer for women and girls.

“At CARE International we provide financial and technical assistance to innovative programs and strategies that aim to foster women’s empowerment and gender equity,” she said.

She continued to say that placing the advance of women’s human rights at the centre of our efforts, we focus our activities on reducing poverty; ending violence against women; reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS among women and girls; and achieving gender equity in democratic governance in times of peace as well as war.

“With the efforts of organizations such as PHD we aim to eliminate violence against women by promoting a positive culture-change around issue,” she said.

She added that the major strategies to achieve this are a national media campaigns as well as education and male leadership programs aimed at men and boys. And in this effort groups such as People’s Health Development Association are an outstanding example of taking in encouraging men to challenge each other on violent attitudes and behavior.

Nationwide Sport Students Tournament held in Phnom Penh

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Nationwide Secondary and Higher Education Sport Students Competition 2010 has begun and will last for three weeks from the 19th of June to July 1stat the National Sport Complex in Phnom Penh. A total of 1,053 students including 167 female students from 30 different state and private universities, high schools, institutions and NGO schools from cities and provinces across the nation have attended the event.

The Sport Students competition was organized by the Ministry of Education Youth and Sport, aiming to select the best sports players at student level in 2010 in Cambodia.

Prum Bunyee, Chief of the Sport Students Tournament Organizing Committee, said that there are a total of four sport choices for this year’s sport student’s competition. The four sports include football; basketball; volleyball and athletes.

“The Ministry of Education Youth and Sport is proud to organize the competition in Phnom Penh this year,” he said. “The purpose of the competition is to select the best players of 2010 and to promote playing sports in Cambodia,” he added.

The competition has divided into six categories in which there are football competition (24 groups); male basketball competition (9 groups); female basketball competition (5 groups); male volleyball competition (4 groups), female volleyball (3 groups); and athletes competition (24 groups), according to Prum Bunyee.

There are different awards and prizes for winners and those who receive the second place and the third place of the competition. The awards and prizes are prepared and provided by the Ministry of Education Youth and Sport.

Bun Sok, Secretary of State in the Ministry of Education Youth and Sport, said that the competition will help promote and improve students’ health as well as strengthen solidarity and friendship among the student who were from different universities and schools and participated in this competition. He stated that the competition will also provide the chance for all participants to learn from each other and exchange their techniques and playing skills to improve their playing quality in the future.

“Through competition, I would like to appeal to have a strong solidarity and cooperation among our students in various schools, universities, and institutions across the country so that we can upgrade our sports status in the future,” he said.

He continued to say that so far, MoEYS has always paid more attention on secondary and higher education sport student competition aiming to develop and promote the sport students in the Kingdom of Cambodia. He added that to promote the sport students, the ministry will continue to organize the competition of sport students every year in Cambodia in the future.