BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA
The NGO Committee on the Rights of the Child (NGOCRC), Coalition to Address (Sexual) Exploitation of Children in Cambodia (COSECAM) and the End Child Prostitution, Abuse and Trafficking in Cambodia (ECPAT-Cambodia) have launched the “NGO Joint Statistic Database Report on Trafficking and Rape in Cambodia” on July 21st.
Mr. Meas Samnang, Secretary-General of the NGOCRC, said that this report presents data on trafficking for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation and rape in Cambodia for the period between January and December 2009, which were collected from 27 participating NGOs in Cambodia.
The objective of the “NGO Joint Statistics on Rape and Trafficking Project” is to gain a better understanding of the dynamic rape and sexual trafficking in Cambodia. The specific objective is to offer a valid and reliable statistical analysis on the extent of rape and trafficking incidents; and to assist NGOs to channel and utilize their resources in the most effective manner.
“The rape and sexual trafficking is one of the main issues and strong concerns which commonly occur in Cambodia. We hope that this joint report will offer a valid and reliable statistical analysis on the extent of rape and trafficking incidents; and to assist NGOs to channel and utilize their resources in the most effective manner in Cambodia,” he said during his opening remarks at the launching ceremony of the Joint Statistic Database Report.
He added that the joint statistic database report was implemented and conducted by NGOCRC, COSECAM and ECPAT-Cambodia and funded by the INTERVITA which an international humanitarian organization is working in Cambodia.
Mr. Chin Chanveasna, ECPACT-Cambodia’s Executive Director, said that trafficking and rape database reports was collected from 27 out of 32 participating NGOs in 2009. The reported victims shows a 49 percent increase comparative to 2008. He added that according to database report, the poverty is seen as major cause in combination with other factors such low education, lack of employment opportunity.
“For 2009, we documented 109 sex trafficking victims compared to 73 in 2008, reflecting an increase of 49 percent,” he said. “The figures reported incidences is more likely an indication of the problematic nature of trafficking data collection, rather than an accurate gauge of the true extent of trafficking phenomenon in Cambodia,” he added.
He pointed out that the reported underlying causes of trafficking associated with the push and pull factor, remained unchanged.
There were 109 sexual trafficking victims reported in 2009. All victims are female between 7 and 39 years old, and 36.7 percent were children. 81.7 percent are Khmer and the rest are Vietnamese. 89 percent were young and unmarried. 95.2 percent of victims were willing to be recruited for a range of reasons. Most of them wanted money to purchase items. Some has obligation to repay debt. Many simply wanted to escape the situation in which they were in, according to Chanveasna. ///