Wednesday, August 18, 2010

Cambodia to Prevent the Outbreak and Epidemic of Dengue Fever

BY BUTH REAKSMEY KONGKEA

The Ministry of Health has taken measure to combat the outbreak and the epidemic of the dengue fever which will is most prominent during the rainy season.

H.E. Dr. Eng Huoth, Secretary of State for the Ministry of Health, said that the dengue fever has quickly created health problems in developing countries especially the countries in the tropic region and in Southeast Asia region across the world.

The breakout and epidemic of the dengue fever have increased in the region and the number of people who have been affected and died by dengue fever also has increased yearly, he said, adding that most people who get infected and die from dengue fever are children.

“Dengue fever is considered a very serious disease which has threatens children under 15 and its outbreak and epidemic occurs nationwide both in cities and rural provinces or rural areas in the country,” he told the municipal and provincial health officers at a workshop on “situation control of outbreak and epidemic of dengue fever” on August 10th in Phnom Penh.

He added that the Ministry of Health has paid close attention and has taken measures to prevent and combat this epidemic from happing in our country. The Ministry of Health has encouraged all the state municipal and provincial health officers to carry out five strategic measures including: conduct a better research-control and disease data analysis; disease treatment and healthcare with highest effectiveness and responsibilities; destroy epidemic agents and prevent disease outbreak and epidemics which can lead to y eliminating it.

“I would like to give advice to all state hospitals, referral hospitals and health centers to prepare an action plan, working plan to strengthen their resources, structure and functions for responding to the outbreak and epidemic of the disease in case it will happen in the future,” he said.

Dr. Ngan Chantha, Deputy Director of the National Malaria Center and Manager of the National Dengue Fever Program in the Ministry of Health, said that the dengue fever is still a major concern for Cambodia. It has been claiming a lot of Cambodian children’s lives every year.

Since April until the end of October 2009, about 20,000 Cambodian people whose ages are less than 15 years old were affected by the dengue fever, and a total of 34 children have died from this disease in Cambodia, according to Dr. Ngan Chantha.

He said that the dengue fever is now highly erupting in Phnom Penh, Kampong Cham, Kandal, Kampong Speu, Takeo, Kampot, Kratie and Siem Reap provinces.

“There are more children who have been infected by the fever because they are bitten by the tiger mosquito which live near, dams, roads and building construction in Cambodia. On the other hand, there has been a lot more rain this year and most people have not used mosquito nets and Abets to protect the spread of the dengue fever,” he told reporters after a short break of workshop on “situation control of outbreak and epidemic of dengue fever” on August 10th in Phnom Penh.

According to the statistic figure of the National Malaria Center, in 2010, there are 4,246 people infected by the dengue fever including 11 children fatalities in the first seven months in 2010 compared to the same period in previous year with 6,306 people infected dengue fever and 17 children fatalities. In 2007 there were 38,390 people infected and 393 people fatalities compared to the same period in 2008 with 7,734 people infected and 56 people fatalities.

Dr. Ngan Chantha stated that to prevent the pandemic of the dengue fever in Cambodia, so far the National Malaria Center and the Ministry of Health have been working to improve and strengthening its health care management in all health centers and referral hospitals in cities and provinces across the country.

He emphasized that last year, the Ministry of Health distributed freely a total of 216 tones of abets and other materials to people in 24 cities and provinces and this year, the ministry has also distributed 102 tones of abets for people in 24 cities and provinces across the country in order to prevent the spread of disease in communities.

The ministry is now preparing about 100 tones of Abets and other related materials for distributing to the people for between November and December incase the disease increases by the end of this year, he said.

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